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Types of pest control of enterprises

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Every person can encounter rodents, regardless of their field of activity or place of residence - be it a city or a countryside. These pests can appear in shopping centers, especially in public food areas, in apartments, basements of private houses and other places. Such a neighborhood obviously does not bring any benefit to people. Rodents spoil food, equipment, chew wires, but, what is more dangerous, they can also carry infectious diseases.

To combat rodents, there are various methods, united by the term “deratization”. This term comes from the French language and means “extermination of rodents.”

Depending on the scale of pest spread, various methods of exterminating them have been developed, such as traps, chemicals, ultrasonic devices and others. Some are effective against small numbers of rodents, while others cope with large colonies. To achieve a successful result, it is important to study this issue in more detail. Often, independent attempts do not bring success, so it is recommended to seek help from professional specialists.

Why is it worth getting rid of rats and mice?

The location of the rodents before entering our premises remains unknown. Therefore, it is important to always take precautions and avoid contact with them, as their fur may contain pathogenic bacteria. Rodents, as a rule, suffer serious diseases for humans, the treatment of which requires several months. That is why the extermination of rodents is urgent.

Among the diseases transmitted by rodents are:

  1. Allergy: This is the least dangerous reaction of the body to mice and rats. It can usually be successfully treated by seeing a doctor and taking a course of medication.
  2. Plague: Transmission of plague from rodents to humans occurs through bacteria that prevent them from absorbing blood when they bite. This can cause blood to flow back into the human body through the wound.
  3. Rat typhus: Fleas and ticks that parasitize rats can become infected with typhus and transmit it to humans through a bite.
  4. Tetanus: This is a dangerous disease that is transmitted not only by rodents and requires active treatment.
  5. Rat disease (leptospirosis): The disease can be spread through eating contaminated food, water or bacteria on the skin. Therefore, you should avoid eating leftover food in areas where there are rodents.
  6. Sodoku: The bacteria for this disease can be transmitted from pets who have eaten a rodent.
  7. Q fever: Infection occurs through eating or inhaling rat feces.
  8. Borreliosis (Lyme disease): This is a rare but serious disease transmitted through ticks that parasitize rodents.

Rodents can also transmit other diseases such as pseudotuberculosis, black fever, cryptosporidiosis, toxoplasmosis, and erysipeloides. These diseases not only have intimidating names, but also have an impact on human health.

It is important to remember that, unlike mice, which only attack if they feel threatened by a person, rats can initiate aggressive behavior themselves.

Types of deratization according to the methods used

Treatment of premises against rodents can be carried out using various methods, the choice of which depends on the degree of infestation. Although the best solution for an effective result is to contact specialists who can determine the best method. However, you can also try exterminating the rodents yourself.

There are various methods of controlling pests:

  1. Physical method: Includes the use of various traps (mousetraps, rat traps, traps) and folk remedies. These include kerosene, boiling water, glue and other substances. Some people use concrete mixtures with broken glass to seal cracks, which causes injury to rodents when they try to chew through such “patches.” Food mixed with poison is also used as bait, but this method can be dangerous for pets. Ultrasonic devices also belong to physical methods and have the advantage of not affecting people and pets, effectively repelling rodents.
  2. Chemical method: Includes the use of various types of poisons intended for utility rooms, warehouses and apartments. However, not all poisons have an effective effect on pests, and, moreover, can pose a danger to people and pets.
  3. Biological method: Includes the use of cats and dogs, which are natural predators of rodents. However, their maintenance requires additional costs.
  4. Gas method: Involves spraying various substances over an area of ​​an object.

It is important to note that these methods can be used to repel or reduce rodent populations, but do not guarantee complete rodent control.

Types of deratization according to the scale of rodent distribution

It is not necessary to order treatment when the rodents have already reproduced. It is entirely possible to take preventive measures to minimize potential losses. Therefore, two additional types of pest control have been developed.

Depending on the scale of rodent spread, treatment is:

  1. Preventative: Includes regular cleaning of the premises using cleaning products, sealing all cracks and holes in walls, floors, baseboards, etc., protecting food, cleaning and installing special grilles in ventilation, as well as other measures.
  2. Fighter: It is carried out by specialists and includes getting rid of not only rodents, but also insects. This treatment cannot be carried out independently, so a team of experienced orderlies using professional means and modern equipment is called in to carry it out.
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