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Why does a mosquito bite itch and how to relieve the itching?

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Many people are familiar with the unpleasant feeling of itching after a mosquito bite, but not everyone is aware of the causes of swelling and tingling on the skin. These blood-sucking insects prefer to bite people, since the blood of humans and animals is necessary for females to lay eggs. However, bloodsuckers not only feed on blood, but can also be carriers of various diseases, posing a potential health hazard.

It is known that a mosquito bite causes prolonged itching, can take a long time to heal and cause discomfort. Let's look at the causes of an allergic reaction to a bite and approaches to relieving itching in the bite area.

Why does a mosquito bite itch?

When bloodsuckers pierce the skin, their proboscis releases not only the substances necessary for blood absorption, but also special components - an anticoagulant and an anesthetic. The anticoagulant prevents blood clotting, providing the insect with the opportunity to feed for a long time. The anesthetic, in turn, reduces the sensitivity of the skin, which allows the pest to begin taking blood without causing pain to its victim. Thus, human immunity reacts to insect proteins as external agents, generating an allergic reaction.

Very often, itching occurs after bites. Constant scratching can make the reaction worse. Children are more likely to scratch their bites because they have not yet realized the harm this can cause to their body.

Why a mosquito bite can lead to allergies

The body has the ability to adapt to the proteins contained in the saliva of bloodsuckers. With repeated bites, adaptation increases, which contributes to an easier reaction of the body and reduces the feeling of discomfort. Usually the skin recovers within 3-4 days after an attack by female mosquitoes, considering this reaction normal for the immune system. However, in rare cases, a severe allergic reaction may require medical attention.

Severe allergy symptoms after bloodsucker bites can include blistering, severe redness of the skin, hives, shortness of breath, anaphylaxis, swelling, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, and the dangerous Skeeter syndrome. Regularly scratching the bite area may also pose a risk of infection.

Taking antihistamines to relieve itching

To relieve itching at the site of a mosquito bite, you can use various medications or traditional methods, for example, a soda solution. Antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs will help relieve irritation and reduce inflammation.

Some of the effective drugs include:

  • Gel or pencil "Fenistil";

  • "Menovazin";
  • "Advantan";
  • "Soventol";
  • "Bepanten";

  • "Sinaflan";
  • "Gistan";

  • Herbal ointments such as Boro-Plus and Arnica.

It is important to remember that hormonal ointments should be used no more than twice, and their long-term use should be carried out only as directed and under the strict supervision of a doctor. In addition, pharmaceutical products are more effective when used in combination with drugs to reduce histamine in the blood, for example, Loratadine.

Folk remedies and repellents for mosquito bites

If you are bitten by a mosquito, but there are no pharmaceuticals on hand, you can use simple folk remedies. For example, you can treat the wound with alcohol-containing products. Baking soda, a tea bag or tea tree infusion, ice cubes or frozen foods are also good for soothing bites. In addition, coconut and tea tree essential oils, sour cream, kefir, honey, lemon or lime juice, menthol toothpaste, sanitized aloe leaf and a few plantain leaves can also help relieve itching and soothe irritated skin. You can take a bath with skin-soothing oils.

Now you know why itching occurs after a mosquito bite and how to cope with it. These simple remedies will help you relieve discomfort and reduce skin inflammation. It is important to remember that if you have numerous mosquito bites, you should consult a doctor and treat the disease with medication, as anaphylactic shock may occur.

The best way to treat a mosquito bite

F.A.Q.

Why should you avoid scratching after a mosquito bite?

Oncologists strongly recommend refraining from rubbing the bite site of any bloodsucker in order to avoid possible negative consequences. If bitten by a poisonous insect, friction can distribute the poison throughout the body. In the case of a mosquito bite, scratching can lead to infection of the bite site on the surface of the fingers. You should also avoid applying unwashed plants to the wound so as not to increase the risk of infection.

How dangerous are mosquito bites for people with Skeeter syndrome?

Skeeter syndrome is an allergic reaction to mosquito saliva that occurs after being bitten. Symptoms include small red swellings and itching around the bite site. In children, this syndrome often manifests itself with more severe symptoms, such as an increase in the size of the tubercles, bullous rashes, erosions, fever, asthma and general malaise. Prevention includes avoiding contact with mosquitoes.

How to protect yourself from mosquitoes in your home?

The spring-summer period is accompanied by a massive penetration of insects into the house through open windows and doors. Mosquito nets, protective shutters, fumigators, repellents, ultrasonic repellers, UV traps, covered clothing, essential oils and other means will help prevent their occurrence.

How to protect yourself from mosquitoes on your property?

Killing mosquitoes over a large area includes treating plants with insecticides, treating ponds, using smoke bombs, planting plants with a strong odor, lighting a fire, and using a fog generator.

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