Measures to prevent tick-borne encephalitis

4 minutes. for reading

In spring, ticks awaken from hibernation and actively reproduce in parks, forests and meadows. If you plan to spend time outdoors, be careful. Dress appropriately and use protective equipment to avoid being bitten by infected ticks.

Tick-borne viral encephalitis is a dangerous disease that manifests itself differently in each person. For some, it goes unnoticed, but most often it is accompanied by serious complications, affecting the central nervous system and even leading to disability. Deaths cannot be ruled out.

To help you avoid danger, we have prepared this article. It contains information about the routes of infection with tick-borne encephalitis and measures to prevent the disease. You will learn how to properly prepare for a walk in the forest and what to do if you are bitten by a tick. At the end of the article, we will share information on how to order treatment of an area against ticks.

Methods of infection with tick-borne encephalitis?

Ticks are an integral part of nature in any region of Russia where there are dense forests and even urban vegetation. As the season of their active life approaches, it is important to remind you how you can become infected with tick-borne encephalitis and who are its carriers. This virus is transmitted to humans through arboviruses contained in the saliva of the tick and entering the body during an insect bite.

A person can bring ticks into the house:

  • After walks in the forest, park, countryside or country house;
  • After walking with pets, whose fur becomes a convenient means of transportation for insects;
  • On clothing, flowers or wild plants, where ticks can get from branches;
  • You can also become infected through raw cow's or goat's milk, which may have been exposed to a tick bite. Therefore, in spring and summer it is recommended to boil homemade milk before drinking. Cottage cheese or cottage cheese made from contaminated milk may also pose a health hazard.

Symptoms of tick-borne viral encephalitis

Anyone, regardless of gender or age, can be bitten by a tick and become infected with tick-borne encephalitis. The risk of infection depends on a person's activities. Those who spend a lot of time in the forest, doing work on cutting down trees, building country houses, highways and railroads, and also engaged in oil or gas production, have a high chance of being bitten. This also applies to ordinary tourists, gardeners and gardeners rushing to plant seeds.

Tick ​​activity is highest in spring, summer and autumn. The incubation period of tick-borne encephalitis ranges from one day to three months, but on average is two weeks.

Symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis include:

  • Chills;
  • High body temperature (up to 40°C);
  • Vomiting and nausea;
  • Muscle pain, especially in the neck, shoulders and back;
  • Pronounced redness throughout the body.

If you notice these signs, it is important to seek medical help immediately to begin treatment and take the necessary medications. Delay in seeking help can lead to serious complications.

Prevention of infection with encephalitis

Non-specific measures include wearing special clothing and using insect repellents, more about which can be found in the next section.

Specific prevention includes two main points:

  1. Vaccination: Anyone who has no medical contraindications can get vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis. It is mandatory for schoolchildren and students who often spend time outdoors, as well as for specialists working in natural conditions.
  2. Seroprophylaxis: This method is used only if unvaccinated people seek medical help after a tick bite.

Taking care of your health early is key. Preventative measures are necessary and in some cases they can literally save lives. Don't underestimate their importance.

Rules for being in the forest

Picking mushrooms and berries is an exciting activity for many people. Adults find in this hobby an opportunity to take a break from the bustle of the city, and for children it is a unique chance to explore the mysterious world of the forest. However, it is important to remember safety. Ticks can hide in tall grass and tree branches and, if the necessary precautions are not taken, can easily penetrate clothing and bite a person.

To avoid this danger, when going into the forest, make sure that:

  • Your jacket has a hood that should be placed over your head;
  • If there is no hood, it is recommended to wear a thick headband and hide your hair under it;
  • Clothes are light and plain;
  • Outerwear has long sleeves;
  • The collar and cuffs are close to the body, and the T-shirt or other outerwear is tucked into the pants;
  • Pants are tucked into high rubber boots or thick socks;
  • Apply tick repellent to clothing.

Rospotrebnadzor recommends wearing a one-piece suit to minimize the risk of ticks getting on your skin.

If you go into the forest for a picnic or walk, remember a few important rules: avoid sitting or lying on the grass, regularly inspect your clothes and body for ticks, and spend the night or rest in places where there is no grass, such as sand or dry pine trees. branches.

After all your forest adventures, it is important to carefully check yourself for ticks, take a hot shower and wash your clothes. The collected mushrooms and berries should also be thoroughly washed and dried. It is recommended to avoid bringing plants from the forest into the home to avoid the risk of introducing mites into the home environment.

How to properly remove a tick bite?

Doctors strongly recommend not trying to remove a tick from the skin yourself. This is extremely important to avoid the tick leaving its proboscis in the wound, which could cause further problems. Therefore, in case of a bite, it is recommended to contact a medical facility or emergency room for qualified assistance.

However, if you need to remove the tick urgently, you can follow these steps:

  1. Use tweezers or fingers wrapped in gauze to to grab the insect's mouthparts and carefully rotate it around its axis. Do this perpendicular to the skin to gently remove the tick.
  2. After removal, treat the bite site with an alcohol-containing product, such as iodine, alcohol, cologne or perfume.
  3. Wash your hands thoroughly. After this, it is recommended to additionally treat them with an antiseptic for additional disinfection.
  4. If part of the tick remains in the wound, treat it with iodine and wait for the natural release of mite residues.
  5. After this, contact a medical facility, to have the tick tested and find out whether it is a carrier of dangerous infections such as tick-borne encephalitis. If the tick turns out to be infected, doctors will provide you with all the necessary recommendations and treatment.
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