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Furniture bugs

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Among the various parasites that can appear in a human home, bedbugs attract special attention. These extremely dangerous insects can cause a variety of problems when they enter a person's home.

Where do bedbugs come from?

You should not think that furniture bugs, also known as bed bugs (Cimex lectularius), appear exclusively in homes that are not clean enough or inhabited by insecure people. In fact, these insects lead a nomadic lifestyle and are able to quickly change habitats, quickly spreading across new territories.

The main routes by which bedbugs can travel from one apartment to another include the following:

  1. From the housemates: Various options are possible, such as ventilation systems, window openings, garbage disposals, sockets and wiring. Any small gap becomes a potential opportunity for bedbugs to obtain a new source of food.
  2. Through infected things: bedbugs can enter the house from new furniture, books, clothing and other household items. Therefore, you need to be careful when transporting things from one place to another.
  3. On clothes: as already mentioned, bedbugs can live even in clean rooms; they can be brought from the street.

To form a population of bedbugs, just one fertilized female is enough, and their reproduction occurs at a high speed. They quickly fill various spaces such as furniture, beds, sofas and bedding, which explains the many names used to refer to these household insects.

Appearance and behavior

Bedbugs are small bugs with a flat, brown body. They have six legs and no wings. The size of a young bedbug ranges from 1 to 3 millimeters, while an adult bedbug, ready to reproduce, reaches a length of 4 to 5 mm.

Both juveniles and mature individuals become especially visible when feeding on blood. After saturation, the parasites acquire a scarlet tint in the abdominal area. A detailed description of the appearance of bedbugs is important to avoid their confusion with other insects, given that each type of parasite has its own control methods.

Furniture bugs have a characteristic odor, which serves as a means of communication for them. By smell, bedbugs find their relatives and the places where their nests are located.

Bed bugs can survive without food for up to a year, being in a state close to suspended animation.

How to detect the presence of bedbugs in the house

If you experience suspicious bites after a night's sleep, you should immediately begin searching for bedbugs. Focus on the characteristic smell mentioned earlier. Explore the rooms where people most often stay, especially bedrooms. Carefully check all pieces of furniture, mattresses, curtains and other items. Carefully inspect all seams, cracks and joints in the apartment, as bedbugs prefer such secluded places.

Check your bedding every morning for dead insects. Try waking up at night to catch the insects by surprise right at their feeding sites. Peak bedbug activity occurs approximately from 3 a.m. to 8 a.m., as it is darkest at this time.

Interestingly, bedbugs practically do not attack pets in an apartment, except in cases of excessive hunger.

Bedbug bites: a hidden threat

Bedbugs use their small proboscis to pierce the skin and suck blood from people. Research shows that women and children are more likely to be bitten than men. Bedbugs often bite several times in close proximity to the previous location, which is their characteristic feature.

When a bug bites, it injects a special anesthetic into the body, making the process of sucking blood painless. It is important to note that bedbugs themselves cannot infect humans. However, they are carriers of many infections, viruses and bacteria, which can enter the blood.

The bedbug bite becomes very painful and itchy, which can lead to additional infection on the outside. Allergic reactions and even angioedema are also possible, especially in children.

The most vulnerable parts of the body for bedbugs are the stomach, arms and skin on the back. Bedbugs rarely climb onto the head, as it is difficult for them to move among the hair.

Fighting bedbugs in apartments

Once furniture bugs are detected, the question arises about their destruction, and there are several methods that can be used:

  1. Repellents: Using products with pronounced odors, such as acetone, wormwood, vinegar, tansy and others. This method temporarily disrupts the bedbug's sense of smell, but does not completely eradicate the population.
  2. High temperatures: Treatment of furniture and premises using a steam generator or heat fan. At temperatures of 50–60 degrees Celsius, bedbugs die, but this is a costly method.
  3. Temperature drop: Keep contaminated surfaces at temperatures down to -20℃. This method, safe for humans, may be problematic for implementation in an apartment.
  4. Insect catching tape: Taping furniture and beds with special tape to catch insects, repeated daily for at least 7 days.
  5. Chemicals (insecticides): The use of chemicals in various forms - solid, liquid, aerosol or dust. A combination of aerosol and dust is considered the most effective method of controlling bedbugs.

How to treat with anti-bedbug agents in apartments

First and foremost, you need to take steps to prevent bed bugs from returning to your home. This can be done by blocking all possible routes of penetration. Seal joints, cracks and other places that could become a pathway for these parasites to a new habitat. Construction foam, rubber stoppers and other materials can help in this process.

Then the room in which the treatment will be carried out must be completely cleared of people and pets. During processing, it is better to temporarily move to another place. Products should be carefully packaged and removed from the premises. Pieces of furniture need to be moved away from the walls and cleared of things to provide access to processing from the reverse side.

After the room has been treated for bedbugs, it is necessary to carry out general cleaning and wash things at a temperature of about 60 degrees.

When exterminating bedbugs, special attention should be paid to the following places:

  • Linen and cracks in the sleeping area, treating every joint of structures and furniture;
  • Shelves in cabinets and bookcases, treating furniture in the areas of door hinges and walls on the back side;
  • Floor, including baseboards and joints between them;
  • Paintings, wall decor, wallpaper and cracks in the walls where furniture bugs can hide;
  • Household appliances, especially the inside of the refrigerator.

After treatment, the room should be sealed for 4–5 hours. Then you should clean up, collect dead bedbugs using a vacuum cleaner, ventilate the room and wash it.

Repeated treatment should be carried out after about half a month to destroy new larvae and bedbugs remaining after the first treatment.

It is important to note that most effective drugs against bed bugs are dangerous, so it is necessary to follow safety precautions and conduct thorough ventilation after treatment. If you doubt your own abilities, it is recommended to contact pest control professionals who will carry out the work in compliance with all necessary safety measures.

Preventing the appearance of bed bugs in the apartment

Preventing the appearance of bedbugs in an apartment is much easier than then dealing with them yourself. It will probably be difficult for a non-professional to completely destroy all the larvae, and furniture bugs may again become a problem in the apartment.

Therefore, it is important to protect yourself from such situations. After temporary residence, try to wash things and carefully check your property for bedbugs. Also make sure that insects do not enter your home from neighboring apartments. To do this, it is useful to find out in advance about the condition of neighboring premises in the house.

Remember that bedbugs in an apartment not only cause annoying inconvenience, but can also become a source of infection for people.

How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs On Furniture [Detailed Guide]

F.A.Q.

Why can't you crush bedbugs?
Many people instinctively want to crush these disgusting creatures, but this should be avoided. If you crush a bedbug, its contents will get onto your skin, which can cause various infections. In addition, the stain left by insects is difficult to remove.

What don't bedbugs like?
First of all, bedbugs are afraid of light because they are active at night. However, you should not rely on lamps to avoid bedbug bites, as hungry individuals go out hunting even when illuminated. Bed bugs also cannot tolerate strong odors, so scents such as vinegar, bleach and tar can help them in the short term.

How to quickly get rid of bedbugs?
There are several methods for quickly getting rid of bedbugs. For example, treating surfaces with high temperatures (50 degrees) or using various chemicals such as sprays, liquids and emulsions. However, the most effective option is to contact professional exterminators who will carry out high-quality treatment of the premises.

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