How does deratization occur in a meat processing plant?

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The appearance of rats, mice and other pests at a production facility is a serious problem, therefore strict adherence to sanitary standards is extremely important to prevent their proliferation. Plants such as meat processing plants need to carry out preventative measures regularly. If at least one sign of the presence of rodents is detected, it is necessary to urgently carry out deratization.

For effective pest control, do-it-yourself treatment is not recommended, especially if you do not have the necessary knowledge to use the appropriate products, or if the plant area is large enough. In this situation, it is recommended to immediately contact health officials for professional assistance.

How do rodents harm you at work?

Rodents, regardless of their type, are a nuisance to humans, especially if these animals are not pets. They are capable of damaging crops, spoiling food in home storage and destroying food supplies in warehouses. Rats and mice are not limited to just consuming food, they also destroy various packaging materials.

In large food production plants, rodents can cause serious and irreparable damage to the business. Their presence can cause the following problems:
— Destruction of crops;
— Damage to plant crops;
— Food spoilage on various scales;
— Destruction of buildings (up to gnawing holes in walls, floors and damaging doors);
— Damage to household appliances and electrical wiring (including chewing of wires);
— Attack on small domestic animals;
— Destruction of eggs intended for hatching chicks and so on.

One adult rodent can eat at least 20 kg of grain per year, while neighboring grain also becomes unsuitable for consumption. Therefore, rodents cause serious damage to agriculture, the meat industry, warehouses, catering facilities and shops. Without taking appropriate measures, businesses can suffer huge losses when these pests appear.

What damage can rodents cause to a meat processing plant?

Taking care of protecting production facilities from various pests is a priority for owners of food enterprises. Where there is food, there may be not only cockroaches or ants, but also rodents such as mice and rats.

There are several potential problems for meat processing plant owners:

  1. Meat spoilage: Rodents not only consume meat, but also leave their excrement, which can lead to significant production and financial losses.
  2. Equipment damage: Rats and mice can damage parts of appliances made of plastic or rubber.
  3. Damage to walls and floors: Rodents can chew on materials used in building construction.
  4. Spread of diseases: Rodents can carry dangerous diseases, which becomes an additional health and safety concern.

As can be seen from the above, rodents not only cause material damage, but also pose a danger to health and life. To prevent or quickly eliminate this problem, regular and high-quality cleaning of premises in all food enterprises is extremely important.

What can deratization be like at a meat processing plant?

Wherever signs of rats or mice appear, it is important to carry out prompt deratization. When pests appear in food production, it is especially important to use products that are safe for the product and avoid the use of strong chemicals.

Deratization procedures may include the following types:

  1. Preventive deratization: This type of service is relevant for facilities where there are no rodents, but there is a potential threat of their appearance. Prevention usually helps prevent parasite infestations.
  2. Planned pest control: It is effective when rodents are found in small quantities at the enterprise. After agreeing on the date and time of processing, the specialist diagnoses and processes the object.
  3. Urgent deratization: It is necessary if a mass outbreak of rodents is detected at the facility, requiring immediate intervention from specialists. When there is a massive invasion of rats and mice, a variety of methods are used to combat them.

If rodents are detected at the enterprise, it is recommended to immediately contact the sanitary service, since these pests multiply quickly, and a delay in taking action can lead to a worsening of the situation.

What difficulties may arise during deratization in food production?

When treating a room against various pests, insecticidal preparations that contain chemical elements are usually used. This poses a significant challenge, especially in food processing.

Let's consider this aspect in more detail:

  1. Safety of products and equipment: Toxic substances should not be located near products and equipment used for their production. The use of chemicals in such areas should be considered a last resort.
  2. Efficiency of methods: Setting baited traps in food production can be ineffective because they can get buried among other products. Rodents may not reach the trap, preferring to feed on what is available around them.
  3. Prevention after extermination: Even after complete extermination of rodents at an enterprise, regular preventive treatment is necessary. By nature, rats and mice always return to where there was plenty of food for them. It is recommended to carry out deratization at food enterprises approximately every three months.
  4. Selection of quality drugs: If you decide to treat your premises against pests, it is important to pay attention to the quality of the products used. Reading reviews about them before purchasing will help you make an informed choice.

How to prevent rodents from entering your territory

Paradoxically, the main principle to help avoid rodent infestations is to keep the room clean. No matter what kind of treatment you carry out, the presence of dirt on the floor and work table becomes an invitation to rodents again and again.

The pest control process in a meat processing plant can be described as follows:

In order to repel rodents and prevent their appearance in the territory, it is recommended to follow simple steps:

  1. Keep it clean: At the end of each working day, carefully remove trash and put the room in order.
  2. Package products: Sealed food packaging prevents mice and rats from accessing food supplies.
  3. Store food correctly: Place food in refrigerators and special storage cabinets.
  4. Close the room carefully: When leaving home, close the doors to prevent rodents from entering.
  5. Seal the holes: Immediately seal any openings in walls and floors to prevent rodents from entering.
  6. Protect ventilation: Close the ventilation openings tightly with special grilles.
  7. Provide air conditioning: Seal the outlet of the air conditioner hose to prevent rodents from entering.
  8. Remove packaging materials: Do not leave packaging materials on the floor; put them on shelves.
  9. Take out the trash regularly: Get rid of trash in a timely manner.
  10. Line the pantries: Add paneling to pantry doors where food items are stored.

These recommendations will significantly reduce the likelihood of rodents. However, despite this, it is important not to postpone preventive deratization.

Safe methods of rodent control at work

To effectively control rats and mice at various production facilities, anticoagulant drugs are widely used. These drugs have a negative effect on blood clotting in the body of rodents, which leads to their death. A special feature of such preparations is their absence of odor, which makes them inconspicuous to rats, and they do not tend to avoid contact with them. Anticoagulant drugs manifest their effect in the body of rodents after some time. Typically, death of pests occurs within the first week after receiving the drug.


Food factories use special preparations that do not leave residues in the body of rodents. This is extremely important, since the presence of the drug on products makes them unsuitable for further use.

How to prepare for the arrival of specialists at a meat processing plant

The treatment procedure for a standard room usually takes no more than an hour, and in order for it to be as effective as possible, it is necessary to carefully prepare for it.

The stages of preparation for deratization include the following:

  1. Be sure to remove trash from the premises.
  2. Remove buckets, mops and other items from the floor.
  3. Your personal belongings should be placed in a hermetically sealed cabinet or completely removed from the premises.
  4. If edible products are present at the site, they must be removed.
  5. Close all doors and windows tightly.
  6. No employees should be in the room during processing. Therefore, it is recommended to carry out processing outside of working hours to avoid interruption of production and minimize possible losses.
  7. Everyone involved in the process must wear protective suits. In case of their absence, it is recommended to temporarily leave the site. After processing is completed, specialists will provide instructions on further actions.
Sanitation in Meat and Poultry Plants


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