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Wood Pests

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Wood is a widely used building material, which is used in the production of furniture and the construction of various structures. These products and designs are practical and aesthetically pleasing. However, even small damages can seriously ruin the appearance of the furniture. Damage can occur not only due to the carelessness of people, but also due to the activity of harmful insects.

Wood pests invade wooden structures and gradually destroy them, making the material brittle. Externally, infested wood may appear strong, but in reality it loses its characteristics.

To prevent pests from infesting wood or to kill existing insects, professional treatment is necessary.

What types of insects exist that have a negative impact on wood?

Wood pests can appear almost anywhere, be it a wooden cabinet or a house built of wood. These insects cause serious damage to furniture and wooden structures.

There are several types of tree pests:

  • Wood sharpener: this red-brown beetle reaches a length of up to 10 mm. It leaves visible holes in the wood around which wood dust forms. Its lifespan does not exceed 6 weeks, but its larvae can exist in wood products for up to 10 years.

  • Weevil: this pest reaches a length of 3 cm and attacks wood infected with a fungal infection.
  • Furniture sharpener: his length does not exceed 5 mm, and he is interested in old wooden products. The larvae of this beetle can make holes in wood for 6 months, then develop into adults.
  • Longhorn beetle: lives under the bark of trees and does not pose a danger to the main part of the trunk.

  • Bark beetle: a light brown beetle whose maximum length is 6 mm. These insects are interested in freshly cut trees intended for construction. Bark beetle larvae, which feed on wood from the inside, pose a danger. After the pupal process, adult beetles cease to be a threat to the wood.

  • Termites: these beetles have a light body and resemble ants. Termites have wings and strong jaws. They easily digest plant fibers and help nature decompose substances that do not decompose for a long time. However, if termites attack a wooden house, it can completely disappear within a couple of years. Termites are considered the most dangerous wood pests.

The appearance of any of these wood pests requires immediate measures to destroy them, as they pose a direct threat to wooden houses. It is not recommended to try to fight these insects on your own; for effective control, it is important to turn to professionals.

How to understand that you have wood pests

Most tree species can harbor a variety of pests. Some of them not only spoil the surfaces of the walls of wooden houses, but are also capable of destroying the rafter system, which can lead to the destruction of the roof.

To prevent significant damage to wood, it is important to promptly identify the presence of pests on the surface of the walls.

The presence of pests can be determined by the following signs:

  1. The surface of the wood has passages (holes) that are formed as a result of the activity of insects.
  2. If the board has not yet been used in construction, but has become lighter in weight and has traces of the presence of insects.
  3. The appearance of wood flour on furniture or walls is the primary sign of the presence of pests.

Termite control is particularly challenging as they are very difficult to see with the naked eye and can lead to the destruction of your home.

What categories can wood pests be divided into?

There are a huge number of types of insect pests in nature. Some of them feed on human or animal blood, while others prefer wood as a food source.

There are the following groups of insect pests that spoil wood:

  1. Insects that live on various shrubs in the garden and in urban environments.
  2. Insects that are only interested in freshly cut wood.
  3. Insects that are a threat to wooden houses.

All of these pests use wood as a food source and breeding site. Many of them lay their larvae in the bark of a tree or in its central part.

What is done to protect wood from insect pests?

Wood pests appear where favorable conditions are created for them. To avoid infection of wooden structures, it is important to carry out preventive treatment. This process eliminates the main reasons for the development of fungus on the surface of the tree.

Prevention of contamination of wood products includes the following methods:

  1. Application of antiseptic: This popular and easy way to control insects involves pre-coating the walls of your home with an antiseptic solution. This keeps the bugs away. However, if the beetle has already penetrated deep into the wood, such treatment will not save your home from pests.
  2. Heat treatment: Although this method is not cheap, it provides excellent results. The treatment involves heating building materials to 140 degrees. As a result of this procedure, all nutrients in the wood are destroyed, which leads to the death of insects at any stage of development.
  3. Wood processing in an autoclave: The prepared material is placed in special equipment, where high pressure ensures the penetration of a special solution into the structure of the material.

Preventive treatment of the material allows you to protect the tree from various pests, preserving the structure of building materials and increasing the strength of the house under construction.

What actions are used to control wood pests?

Let's look at what to do if the bark beetle or other parasites have already settled in the wood. The following methods are used to control insects in wood:

  1. Injection of solution: To do this, use a solution of sodium fluoride, mix it with water in the required proportions and add bread. Then all the holes made by insects are cleaned, and the resulting slurry is used to fill all the cracks and passages of the pests. Insects die trying to make new passages through the poisoned pulp that enters their body.
  2. Tapping method: This method is effective against bark beetle and shashel. The larvae of these insects consist mostly of water, and tapping creates strong vibrations that the pests cannot withstand.
  3. Radiation: This method requires special equipment that causes the death of all pests when used.
  4. Fumigation: This treatment is carried out by specialists using a special gas. After fumigation, protection against beetles is ensured.
  5. Insecticidal preparations: This procedure can be performed independently, but it is important to have a good understanding of the composition of the drugs and strictly follow the dosage. If you have any doubts about using insecticides, it is better to contact a professional.
Managing Wood-Boring Insects

F.A.Q.

How to identify the presence of wood pests?

This important task is best left to experienced professionals. However, some signs can be noticed by the average person. This can be wood dust on the surface of shelves or inside the house, as well as the appearance of various holes that were not there before.

How to quickly get rid of wood pests?

To prevent the spread of pests on wooden structures or furniture, you need to contact a reliable sanitation service. Specialists can quickly identify the source of infection and destroy harmful insects.

What wood protection methods are used against insect pests?

If your home is primarily made of wood, it is important to take wood pest prevention measures. Clay, resin, tar and brine, when applied to walls, will help prevent pests from appearing. In addition, many use various chemicals or turn to specialized services for preventive measures.

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