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Signs of bedbugs in an apartment - 4 reasons not to ignore them

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In everyday life, many people encounter an unpleasant situation associated with the discovery of bedbugs in their home. Naturally, the first visual impact from the discovery of these insects immediately prompts a person to look for methods to combat them. However, sometimes it happens that the bug itself goes unnoticed, and the infection process is already actively developing. To identify the threat at the very beginning, it is important to pay attention to other signs of the presence of pests in your home.

Why is it difficult to spot bedbugs right away?

Bedbugs are extremely small insects, their size does not exceed a few millimeters, and their eggs are even smaller. The signs they leave during their life may be invisible or easily confused with other stains. The lifestyle of bedbugs is always associated with secluded, warm and humid places. They prefer to settle in upholstered furniture, wooden structures, wall cracks and other places hidden from human attention. Most often, bedbugs are found under the mattress of the bed.

Below are four main signs by which you can identify the presence of these insects in your home:

  1. Direct observation of insects (adults);
  2. Detection of traces of their vital activity (feces, blood);
  3. Finding insect eggs;
  4. The appearance of bite marks on the skin.

These signs can appear one at a time or several at once. Bedbugs reproduce quite quickly, so the problem will get worse every day.

First: adults

The most obvious sign of bedbug detection in an apartment is the appearance of adult bedbugs visible to humans. If at some point you accidentally notice a live bug moving across your bed or floor, it means that these insects have already begun to actively reproduce in your home. They prefer to inhabit places where there is upholstered furniture, and there they quietly breed their offspring.

In the walls of a room, especially in older houses, there are often small cracks or holes between the wall and the floor, where bedbugs can also hide. Indoors, bedbugs can be picked up from the street, in other rooms, or even a dead individual can be found, which may indicate residues from a previous treatment process. In this case, it is also recommended to carry out disinfestation to avoid re-infection.

There are several signs that indicate the presence of adult bedbugs, even without detecting the insects themselves:

  1. Skins that bedbugs periodically shed. The more individuals there are, the more such skins can be found in the apartment. Parasites shed them in secluded, dusty places, so regular cleaning of corners of the house is important.
  2. Various traces of vital activity, such as feces and traces of blood.

Bed bugs have several stages in their life cycle, including periodically shedding old skins and producing debris. A large number of bedbugs can cause a problem of excess litter, which can lead to allergic reactions in people. It is also important to check the furniture in your country house or country house for the presence of skins, especially after the winter period. Even if the bedbugs are already dead, pest control is recommended to prevent potential problems. If in doubt, it is better to contact a specialist for more accurate advice.

Second: parasites leave traces

Bedbugs are living organisms that maintain their vital functions through natural processes. These processes include the release of waste from the intestines. Such traces can be divided into two large groups: feces and traces of human blood.

The most obvious signs of bedbug infestation are fecal marks, which are small dark or black spots found at infested areas. These stains are actually traces of blood drunk by the bug and processed in the intestines. Bed bug fecal stains can resemble cockroach stains. To conduct a test and determine which insects left the stains, you can wet them. Bedbug stains will change color into a blob, while cockroach stains will remain the same.

Fecal traces most often accumulate in secluded places, such as the upholstery of sofas, beds, mattresses, seams and folds of fabric. It is visually quite difficult to determine how long ago they were in these places.

Blood stains may remain in areas where bedbugs feed on human blood, such as the bed, sofa, easy chairs, bedding, and sleepwear. Light-colored fabrics highlight these marks especially well. Stains can occur after a bedbug has eaten human blood, as well as from bite sites where blood ends up on bedding. These stains often have a rusty color as the blood oxidizes when exposed to air.

You should not rely solely on the detection of such spots to determine the extent of the bedbug infestation, as they can also be caused by other insects such as ticks, midges or mosquitoes. However, the constant appearance of bloody irritations on the skin may be a sign of a problem that is worth thinking about.

Third: bite marks

Bedbugs bite humans to feed on their blood and lay eggs. The reaction to a bite may manifest itself in the form of irritation at the site of the bite, which does not occur immediately, but after the bedbugs have had enough. During the bite, the bug injects an anesthetic into the wound, which slows down the process of skin irritation. Sometimes signs of a bite may not appear immediately, but only after a few days.

The reaction to a bedbug bite can vary. For some people, the bites go unnoticed, while for others they cause allergic reactions. Also, bedbug bites can be confused with the bites of other insects, such as ticks, midges, mosquitoes, and so on. It is important to note that bites on the skin themselves are not a clear sign of bedbug infestation. Therefore, you should not rely solely on this sign, but rather more detailed checks are recommended to identify possible infestations.

Fourth: clutches with bedbug eggs

One of the clear signs of bedbug infestation is their eggs. The appearance of these eggs indicates the presence of adult insects, since bedbugs lay them in the second stage of their life cycle. The presence of clutches of eggs provides information about the places where bedbugs prefer to breed, choosing them for the safe development of offspring.

If an apartment is significantly infested with bedbugs, individual eggs can be found even in remote, secluded places. Adult bedbugs typically lay eggs in groups, so the presence of a single egg may indicate that there are many bugs in the environment. Bedbug eggs are usually carefully glued to the surface, often located in secluded places and well hidden from outside view.

The eggs of parasites are white and may be inflated if they have not yet hatched into an adult. Empty bedbug eggs usually look wrinkled and dry.

How to get rid of parasites

As soon as you discover that bedbugs have appeared in your apartment, it is important to begin effective measures to eliminate them. It is necessary not only to repel these insects, but also to eliminate both adults and eggs, and also to prevent recurrence.

There are two methods of dealing with bedbugs:

  1. Independent methods using folk or store remedies.
  2. Contact a pest control service for professional insect control.

The choice between these methods is up to you, but it is worth remembering that the presence of just a few bedbugs in an apartment can lead to a massive formation of eggs, from which a new generation of insects will soon emerge. Trying to deal with the problem on your own can be difficult, especially at an advanced stage of infection.

The best solution may be to contact a pest control professional. This not only saves you time and stress, but also ensures that your home is clean. You will learn further about how to get rid of bedbugs with the help of professionals.

5 Top Warnings Signs Of Bed Bugs In Your House


Is it possible to not detect bedbugs right away?

Yes, the initial appearance of bedbugs in the walls of an apartment can be missed. This is due to their small size. However, as soon as the first signs of infection appear, take immediate action. Destruction of bedbugs when there are large numbers of them is much more difficult.

Where do bedbugs prefer to hide?

Bedbugs hide in dark and warm places with high humidity. They can affect both apartments and country houses, as well as other residential premises. Insects prefer the most inaccessible places, coming to the surface only to search for food. A detailed list of such places can be found in the article.

How to understand that bedbugs have chosen your pillow?

A pillow, like other bedding items, can become infested with bedbugs. This can be determined by several signs: traces of blood, feces of bedbugs and their skins. The appearance of bite marks and redness on a person’s neck may also indicate that the pillow is infected with parasites.

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