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Spiders in the house

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Our planet is home to many species of spiders, some of which have no fear of people at all and can settle in their houses or apartments. For many residents, the presence of these creatures causes anxiety and a feeling of discomfort, and some people even experience panic when encountering spiders in their home. It is important to note that many species of domestic spiders that live in central Eurasia are safe for both humans and their homes. An interesting fact is that spiders do not belong to the insect kingdom but belong to the animal kingdom as they are arthropods.

In southern Eurasia, there are species of spiders that pose a certain threat to humans. However, mostly spiders that live in the nature of our country are absolutely safe and do not pose a danger to people.

Danger of Spiders

There is an opinion that all spiders have poison because they are predators. However, the amount and concentration of this poison is so insignificant that for people the consequences of a spider bite are practically invisible. As already noted, truly poisonous spiders in Russia can only be found in the south of the country.

The spider's hunting mechanism is that it waits for a small insect to fall into its web, after which it injects poison into it and begins to eat the caught prey.

Why are house spiders dangerous?

Fortunately, spiders living in central Russia are not a threat to humans. Their rapid reproduction rate can be a nuisance to the home owner, but they pose no other danger to humans.

Types of spiders in the house

Often in an apartment or country house you can find various types of spiders, such as:

Haymaking spider (long-legged):

    • Often found in homes, especially on windows and ceilings.
    • Has a small body and long legs.
    • Poisonous to insects, but does not pose a threat to humans.
    • Useful in killing mosquitoes, flies and other harmful insects.

Gray and black house spider:

    • Small spiders, up to 20 millimeters in size.
    • The web they build is complex and unusual.
    • They hunt their prey, restoring the net after a successful hunt.

Hobo Spider:

    • Leads a “wandering” lifestyle and does not weave networks.
    • Attacks the prey directly and looks for food in other places.
    • Safe in central areas, but may cause skin irritation in sensitive people.


    • A small and harmless vegetarian spider.
    • Does not spin webs, does not bite, jumps and moves on smooth surfaces.
    • Can be a cute little “helper” in the house.

All these spiders living in central Russia do not pose a threat to humans and, on the contrary, can be useful, ridding the house of harmful insects. However, the decision about whether to leave them in the house remains at the discretion of the owners.

How to get rid of spiders

However, if the number of these arthropods becomes too large, then it may be worth considering getting rid of the spiders. In this case, there are several methods:

  1. Cleaning the apartment:
    • Conducting general cleaning, including removing cobwebs from corners and washing floors with bleach.
    • Wiping surfaces and ventilating the room.

    • Getting rid of spider nests if they are found.
    • Installation of special mosquito bars on windows.
  1. Turning off the light:
    • Spiders feed on insects that are attracted to bright lights at night.
    • Turning off indoor lights can prevent insects from congregating and therefore attracting spiders.
  2. Special repellers:
    • Using electromagnetic or ultrasonic devices to repel spiders.
    • Ultrasonic repellers emit frequencies that are not perceptible to the human ear.
  3. Chemicals:
    • The use of chemicals such as Raptor, Dobrokhim Phos, Butox 50, Raid against ants and cockroaches, Joker Ban (spray), Bros.
    • Applying toxic substances to spiders or their habitats.
    • Careful use of chemicals, given their impact on human health.

It is important to remember that the use of chemicals should be carried out carefully and only in case of urgent need, following the directions on the packaging or included instructions.

The Spiders in Your House - the Common House Spider


How and why do house spiders appear?

Factors that contribute to the presence of spiders in the home include hiding places and access to food. Spiders often settle in the bark and crown of trees, roots, tall grass or old buildings.

Spiders may choose your home for the following reasons:

  1. Insufficient cleanliness in the house. The larvae of small insects and the insects themselves live in the dust, and spider eggs can also develop.
  2. Insufficient lighting. Spiders prefer to create their nests in dark places, protected from daylight, as light can disorient them.

To get rid of house spiders, it is recommended to clean, remove cobwebs from corners and use products with a strong odor. If necessary, you can resort to special preparations that will help get rid of these insects.

What to do if you are bitten by a spider?

A spider bite can be unpleasant and even dangerous. It is recommended to follow these steps:

  1. Wash the bite with soapy water and treat the affected area with a disinfectant.
  2. Apply a cold compress and a tight bandage to prevent the poison from spreading.
  3. Drink more water and take anti-allergy medications.
  4. Seek medical attention immediately, especially if you are bitten by a poisonous spider, such as a karakurt. Urgent hospitalization may be necessary.

How to get rid of harmless spiders?

Spiders, which do not pose a danger, are considered one of the most harmless creatures to humans. If they bother you, you can sweep them out, clean them regularly, and they will no longer appear in your apartment.

How to get rid of poisonous spiders?

Poisonous spiders pose a serious danger. There are several species in Russia:

  1. Karakurt (Black Widow) is the most dangerous. You should get rid of it carefully using chemicals or a vacuum cleaner.
  2. The cross is less dangerous, but its bites can cause illness. You can also get rid of it using a vacuum cleaner or a slipper.
  3. Wolf Spider - Do not squash as females can carry young. You can use chemicals or carefully release it.

In any case, it is recommended to exercise caution and, if necessary, seek professional help.

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