Black fleas in the apartment

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Black fleas in the home are a serious concern for both people and pets. Their bites cause irritation and discomfort, not only for pets, but also for humans. Pets become restless, their sleep and appetite are disturbed. However, the greatest threat is that black fleas, like other insects, can be carriers of infectious diseases. Therefore, it is extremely important to take preventive measures and immediately try to get rid of black fleas in the house as soon as they are discovered.

Black fleas in the apartment: what kind of parasites are they?

Black fleas, strictly speaking, are not a separate biological species. Science knows more than 2000 species of fleas, but only a few of them can be found at home:

  1. Ctenocephalides felis - fleas that live on cats;
  2. Ctenocephalides canis - a type of flea associated with dogs;
  3. Xenopsylla cheopis - rat fleas;
  4. pulex irritans - human fleas, also known as lice.

It is important to note that all these types of fleas are capable of changing their “hosts” and living on different types of animals. Interestingly, “black fleas” got their name because of the color of their body. However, in reality their coloring is rather dark brown, and only young individuals, recently hatched from cocoons, look truly black. The dark shade remains in fleas until they are saturated with blood.

When a flea drinks blood and fills itself with it, its abdomen increases in size, moving the dark segment forward. It is thanks to this feature that you will be able to notice a rich flea in your home. If you find black fleas in your apartment, this indicates that they have just hatched and are ready to actively reproduce. Such observations can help you take necessary measures to combat them.

Important information about black fleas

These insects have amazing features. Scientists have found that in the absence of access to food, fleas hibernate at the pupal stage and can remain in this state for up to five months. However, as soon as the opportunity arises to find a new host, be it an animal or a person, these parasites instantly “awaken”, leave their hiding places and begin searching for food.

The amazing ability of fleas is also manifested in their ability to jump. A flea's jump can be hundreds of times greater than its own size! It is thanks to this feature that fleas that parasitize animals so easily jump to their hosts. The special structure of their paws, covered with small hairs, provides them with strong adhesion to animal fur and ease of movement along it.

If your pet is infested with fleas, you may notice small black dots in their fur that resemble poppy seeds or ground black pepper. In fact, these are not fleas themselves or even their larvae, but excrement of parasites containing partially digested blood of the host. These points are one of the first signs of infection in the animal.

Can fleas be dangerous to people?

As we have already mentioned, the appearance of fleas in the house brings a lot of trouble for pets. However, do these parasites pose a threat to humans? Let's figure it out.

Among the parasites that can live on humans, there is only one species - lice, which have a different body structure from fleas that parasitize animals. Fleas that live on animals can jump up to the knees of an adult. In this case, the fleas simply have nothing to grab onto, and the most they can do is bite a couple of times. Cat or dog fleas cannot live permanently on humans, just like human fleas cannot live on animals. However, they can temporarily change their owners.

Despite the fact that fleas cannot live permanently on a person, they can manage to bite. These small bites can cause irritation and even serious allergic reactions. It should also be remembered that many parasites are carriers of dangerous infections.

If you find a flea in your home, it is important to immediately take disinfestation measures using special means. The sooner you start fighting fleas inside your home, the faster and more effectively you can get rid of these unpleasant insects.

How do fleas get into your home?

Even if your home is well-kept and clean, you are still not immune from the appearance of fleas inside the apartment. The ways in which pests can get inside are varied. If you have a pet, fleas can move on its fur or paws and enter your apartment. But even if your cat is always at home or you don’t have any animals at all, you yourself can accidentally transfer insect eggs on the soles of your shoes or clothes after contact with someone else’s pet. It is for this reason that it is not recommended to pet stray animals, as this can be a source of infection.

In addition, fleas can enter your home from basements where outdoor cats live, or even through ventilation from neighboring apartments.

Getting rid of fleas inside your home can be difficult. Therefore, it is important to follow preventive measures. Regularly treat your pets for fleas using specialized insecticidal products and keep the house clean by regularly wet cleaning the premises.

If a problem does occur, flea control must be started immediately before the flea population becomes too large.

How to get rid of fleas in an apartment

When flea larvae and eggs appear in an apartment, you are unlikely to be able to detect them. However, they quickly develop into adults, which soon begin to reproduce. You will notice adult black fleas quite quickly: the animals begin to scratch incessantly, and small bites may appear on your legs.

The problem should be solved immediately, from the moment black fleas appear in the house. There are many methods to combat them: physical and chemical exposure, the use of folk remedies, treatment of pets and regular thorough cleaning of the apartment.

Cleanliness of the apartment and preparation for processing

To create unsuitable conditions for the existence of fleas, it is necessary to regularly clean the room from dust and dirt. It is important to understand that organic debris and waste products of adult fleas accumulate in house dust and carpet pile, which their larvae feed on. Also, a layer of dust on the carpet fibers protects pests from direct exposure to sunlight and creates suitable conditions for their reproduction. Therefore, special attention should be paid to carpet cleaning.

Using a vacuum cleaner when cleaning the carpet will help prepare the pile for treatment with insecticides and increase their effectiveness. An ordinary vacuum cleaner can become an indispensable assistant in the fight against pests. The vacuum cleaner collects eggs and food of larvae that a person cannot notice with the naked eye. The operation of a vacuum cleaner creates vibrations and increases the temperature of the carpet fibers. In this way, it is possible to “deceive” the parasites, which respond to changing conditions in search of a possible host. Under such conditions, the pupae immediately leave the cocoons and become more vulnerable to destruction.

It is recommended to vacuum carpets regularly after applying insecticides. Thus, you will significantly speed up the process of getting rid of parasites.

Cleaning - flea prevention

It is necessary to regularly dust and wash the floors in the room. When mopping your floors, add a few drops of essential oils such as lavender, peppermint or tea tree to create natural pest repellents.

Particular attention should be paid to cleaning pet beds, since this is where a large number of eggs and larvae accumulate. It is recommended to wash beds and bedding at the highest possible temperature. It is also advisable to dry your pet's accessories in a hot machine dryer, as high temperatures can destroy parasites.

Before carrying out chemical treatment, it is useful to treat upholstered furniture, toys, carpets, as well as visible cracks and cracks in walls and floors with hot steam. You can use a regular household steam cleaner for this purpose. Steam penetrates into small cracks and folds of upholstery, helping to get rid of fleas in the most difficult to reach places. Bed linen must be washed in the hottest water possible. Keeping furniture and carpets clean and regularly will help you get rid of black fleas quickly and effectively.

Physical methods of influence and folk remedies

It must be remembered that fleas require certain conditions to reproduce, including high air humidity. One of the methods of eliminating parasites is to reduce the humidity in the room. This can be done using a household dehumidifier, setting it to a humidity level below 50%.

Another method for killing eggs and larvae is to use finely ground table salt or baking soda. Salt or soda is rubbed into the carpet pile using a brush or broom. After this, you should wait a few days and then remove the dead larvae using a vacuum cleaner.

Another common folk method is the use of boric acid. Pyrethrum is added to boric acid and carpets are treated with this mixture, and it is also scattered under furniture and along baseboards.

It is important to note that folk remedies are not always effective, especially if the number of fleas in the room is already significant. In the event of mass infection, boric acid may not be effective. In addition, hard-to-reach areas may not be sufficiently treated with these methods. In such cases, it is recommended to turn to professional means and specialists to combat fleas.

Chemical disinfestation methods

Chemical pest control methods are more effective, especially when combined with a steam generator and a vacuum cleaner. However, the choice of funds plays a key role. To achieve the best results, it is necessary to use long-acting drugs.

Most aerosols have only a temporary effect: 3-4 days after treatment, new adults appear, and the procedure must be repeated many times. Crayons are also ineffective: fleas have strong jumping abilities and move exclusively this way. Adult fleas do not crawl, so the poison from the chalk will not affect them, even if you treat the floor with it.

It is recommended to prefer aqueous emulsions and suspensions, such as Delta Zone and other similar preparations. These insecticides are active for up to six weeks. Apartment residents need not worry as these products are usually safe for people and animals. To ensure a reliable effect of the drugs, it is recommended to refrain from wet cleaning in the next two weeks after treatment; it is preferable to use a broom or vacuum cleaner.

Caring for animals

We have already talked about the importance of preventative treatment for your beloved cats and dogs. However, if a problem does arise, it is necessary to immediately take action regarding your pets. Therapeutic treatment of cats and dogs should be carried out simultaneously with disinsection of the house. To ensure complete safety for your pet, it is recommended that you select medications in consultation with your veterinarian. It is also important to carefully study the instructions that come with any types of insecticides: shampoos, drops, tablets and even collars.

Complex processing of houses

As mentioned earlier, fleas can make their home in the basements of apartment buildings. Outdoor animals such as cats or rats can serve as carriers of fleas in these areas. If the basement is not treated, flea control in your apartment may be futile. In order to have your basement treated, you need to contact the management company of your home.

Although it is possible to get rid of fleas on your own, it is not an easy task. Do-it-yourself methods can take a lot of time and effort. If you are unable to resolve the problem, professional disinfection services are available to assist you. Their specialists conduct preliminary consultations and provide recommendations on preparing your apartment for the treatment procedure.

10 Effective Ways to Get Rid of Fleas

F.A.Q.

How can black fleas appear in the house?
Fleas can get into an apartment in different ways. They can come in from the basement or through ventilation, so pets can carry them on their fur or paws after a walk. Even you yourself can transfer black flea eggs on the soles of your shoes or on your clothing after contact with infested animals. Once in the apartment, the larvae of these parasites hide in the folds of furniture or in carpets.

What repels fleas in the house?
Insects often live in apartment buildings, and many try to get rid of them using folk remedies. For example, you can treat the room with salt, soda or boric acid. Salt and baking soda are rubbed into the carpets, boric acid is scattered on the floor. Fleas are also repelled by strong odors. A few drops of essential oil added to the water used to clean the floor can help with this.

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