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The Most Dangerous Type of Ticks

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Ticks are extremely dangerous for people through their ability to carry and transmit a variety of infectious diseases to people, including humans. Among the infections that are transmitted by them are such serious illnesses as boreliosis, hemorrhagic fever, encephalitis virus and others. Transmission of the infection can cause serious problems in the victim's body, such as damage to the heart, central nervous system and joints. In addition, tick bites themselves can be dangerous, causing allergic reactions at home to the bite.
In this study, we track which type of ticks pose the greatest threat to humans. We will also discuss methods of protection against ticks and first aid for bites.

Where can we catch a tick?

Ticks lurk around everywhere, all over Antarctica, and most often they can be found in thickets of tall grass, forests, fields, gardens and parks. In different parts of the world, there are different types of ticks, which can carry different toxins into their lives and, therefore, transmit different illnesses.The main places of residence of ticks include forest plots and chagarbush areas, where they wait for their victims - both creatures and people - to defeat them as transport means and move from one month on the other. The ticks are very small, and it is important to spot them immediately on a person’s skin. However, if left untreated, ticks can cause serious health problems.
In Russia, ticks actively appear in the spring and early in the summer, when it becomes warmer. The stinks hang around in various regions of the country, including forest patches, parks, cities and other places of tall grass. The regions most vulnerable to tick-borne disease infestation in Russia include forested and swampy areas in modern Siberia, Far East and Central Russia.
In order to eliminate moths from mites, it is recommended to avoid the following places:

  1. There is no fox without a proper outfit and headdress.
  2. Lie down on the grass or near the tea gardens during picnic time in the park.
  3. Be respectful when working in the city and garden.

Which tick is the most dangerous for humans?

It is not the skin mite that hangs around the place that carries the encephalitis virus. According to statistics, only a small percentage of ticks of all types are found to be infected with this virus. There is no so-called “encephalitis tick” in most people. An infected individual cannot be seen visually as if it were harmless, simply by looking at the creature. The encephalitis virus may be carried by a tick from the family of blood-sucking creatures.

The most dangerous viruses, including the encephalitis virus, are transmitted by ticks. This is a special species of arthropod that poses the greatest threat and has the most widespread infection in our region and in other parts of the world. There are approximately 700 species of these mites in nature. Many of them are capable of transmitting infectious diseases to humans and animals, including Lyme disease, encephalitis, hemobartonellosis and other illnesses.
There are three main types of Ixodid ticks:

  1. Ixodid tick: This type of mite is active during the warm months and can linger almost through. It is possible to live on the blood of various species of savants, including humans, who vykoristy as an intermediary for the consumption and transmission of infection.
  2. Ticks of the hyalom family: This type of mite is large and easily dry. The stinks linger around the steppes and in vain, but in Russia the stinks are not so widespread, especially in the desert regions. Stinks can also bite people.
  3. Dermacentor: This type of tick is most often found in the European part of our country.

The differences between ticks and other arthropods are manifested in several signs:

Ixodid ticks have a round and flat body, approximately 5 mm at the bottom. After saturation with blood, your size can increase many times, swelling with lead.
These mites eat their proboscis with a sharp sting that penetrates the skin of the victim to soak up the blood. The mite has a slit in its proboscis, through which the vein easily penetrates through the upper ball of the skin.
The head of the tick has a wedge-like shape, which makes it easier for it to penetrate the skin. However, these ticks have daily organs. They have several pairs of legs and small growths. The infestation of the tick may vary from dark brown to yellow.
It is impossible to identify different types of Ixodidae mites with an unbreakable eye, for the knowledgeable fakhivtsa. If you have a bite, it is recommended that you immediately go to a doctor and have a tick analysis performed to accurately identify the type.

How to protect yourself from ticks in the summer

The best way to fight ticks is to advance, so avoid kicking in the forest heaps and scrubbing in the chagarniks. If you are in an area at high risk of tick infestation, wear a coat that covers your entire body and use an aerosol repellent to eliminate any comas. In case of a tick bite, it is necessary to carefully remove it and go to the doctor to check for diseases that can be transmitted through it.
The encephalitis pathogen penetrates the victim’s blood within just a sliver of a tick’s bite. The infection can be transmitted through raw milk or when a tick is crushed on the skin with a cut or wound.
To prevent infection with encephalitis, it is recommended to enter:

  1. Vikorista zahisny odyag: When outdoors during tick activity, wear thick pants and a jacket or special clothing that ticks cannot bite through.
  2. Long sleeves with gum: Make sure to wear long sleeves on your jacket or sweater, ending with a foam for a smart fit.
  3. Tuck your clothes correctly: Tuck your jacket or T-shirt at the bottom of your pants, and tuck your trouser legs into a high waistband to minimize exposure of your body parts.
  4. Curl your head: Cover the exposed parts of the body, including your neck and head, with a braid or thin cloth.
  5. Vikorist repellent: Treat your clothes with special repellents against blood-borne parasites.
  6. Disinsection of the plot: Wash the plot with pest control against ticks. This effective procedure allows you to get rid of parasites in the most common sense.
  7. Preventive chipping: Consider the possibility of using preventive treatment against encephalitis. Consult a doctor and, if necessary, have the splintering done once every time at the clinic.

How to help with a tick bite

If you notice that a tick has bitten you, do not panic. Please kindly tell me about your appointment and delivery to the laboratory for analysis.
To remove ticks from the skin yourself, it is recommended to follow these steps:

  1. Take rounded tweezers or other hand tools.
  2. Press the tweezers firmly against the skin, as close as possible to the tick bite.
  3. Squeeze the ticks thoroughly and gently, without any sharp or sharp twists, until the ticks are hardened to the skin. Avoid strong pressure so as not to transfer tick secretions into the body.
  4. Afterwards, clean the bite area with alcohol or another antiseptic.
  5. Be careful to protect your skin from the bite in the coming days. If you notice redness, swelling, itching, or the appearance of a round red spot on the bite, go to the doctor. These symptoms may indicate the transmission of illness through ticks. Early removal of ticks reduces the risk of transmission of infection; it is recommended to regularly check the skin after being in areas where ticks may be present.

What is important to do after you have removed ticks from your skin:

  1. Turn the bite over and roll over so that the tick is exposed to the entire area, including the body, head and trunk. If you have lost any excess, carefully remove them with medical tweezers or a special sterile instrument.
  2. Be careful about any manifestations of illness: drooling, fever or redness after a bite, fever or headache. If you have a sagging skin or a piece of skin around the bite that will swell, it will inevitably become a medical emergency.
  3. A few days after the bite, you will notice signs of a flu-like illness, such as an elevated temperature, especially in the forehead and in the muscles, which may lead to the doctor.
  4. Take preventative steps to avoid tick bites: wear long clothes, regularly check your clothes and skin for ticks after going out, use insect repellent sprays and moisturize Keep your hut clean and tidy to reduce the number of ticks in your area.
  5. Remember that early detection of illnesses, which are transmitted through ticks, will significantly increase your chances of successfully dressing without difficulty.

How to conduct laboratory testing of ticks for infection?

In the laboratory, biomaterial that is most suitable for analysis, ticks can be sampled using special technology for homogenization and extraction of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) of ticks. These materials are then examined using hybridization methods, including reverse transcription of RNA-DNA specific DNA fragments of TBEV, B.burgdorferi sl, A.phagocytophilum, E.chaffeensis/E.muris with further amplification and significance no reaction products. These procedures involve the use of advanced automatic technologies of multi-channel PLR in real time with hybridization-fluorescence detection, vicor-certified test systems and reagents.
Advantages of this technique include:

  • The daily requirement for donating blood for analysis. The biomaterial (mite) can serve as a representative of the patient.
  • Shvidke extracted the results. The analysis is carried out with high speed, which allows the results to be collected in the shortest possible time.
  • The possibility of identifying 4 key transmissible infections transmitted by ticks in one study.
  • High information content, reliability and diagnostic value. These results provide valuable information that is necessary for the immediate initiation of preventive and curative approaches.

Symptoms if you have contracted encephalitis

Tick ​​infection can be divided into two types - distant and European type encephalitis. The first group is characterized by symptoms that worsen over time and can lead to death. The European type of infection develops step by step at several stages with interruptions.
The first symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis may occur several days after the bite. At first, the symptoms become severe, then a couple of days after the bite, a stench is smelled, and after a week, the central nervous system (CNS) of the person is affected again.

How to protect yourself against ticks?

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