Bird Fleas

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Members of the flea family can inhabit any room, choosing various hosts, including humans, which brings them comfort. The moment fleas appear immediately makes the atmosphere tense. This is not only due to people's fear of insects, but also due to anxiety due to constant bites. Not only people, but also their pets can suffer. For dogs, cats and parrots, encountering fleas is also an unpleasant experience, as these parasites drink their blood and cause harm to their health.

Despite their widespread distribution, many people know little about fleas on birds. Their appearance is often associated with improper care, insufficient hygiene, or irregular cleaning of bird habitats. Fleas can also be transmitted from one animal to another. Pigeon fleas can also pose a danger to humans.

Features of bird fleas

Bird fleas, like other types of fleas, have a laterally flattened body about 3 mm long, which allows them to make significant jumps over long distances. They have mouthparts with a pump, which they use to feed their prey - blood. As their name suggests, the main hosts of bird fleas are various types of feathered creatures, including both wild and domestic pigeons, parrots and other birds.

These fleas usually lay their eggs and larvae in or near bird nests, as well as in areas where bird excrement is found. They are especially active during the nesting period of pigeons, beginning to bite their victims more often and multiply quickly.

Normal bird activities, such as feather preening, may be increased if the bird is infested with fleas. In advanced cases, this can lead to excessive feather loss.

If you find fleas in your apartment, it is important to find out the reason for their appearance. On the upper floors it could be pigeons, and on the lower floors it could be stray animals and rodents. Fleas can come to you from your neighbors. To get rid of bird fleas, you should first treat the room in which the birds are located, and then get rid of parasites in the feathers of pigeons, using special products, for example, Piren-D, applied to the places where these insects accumulate.

Other pests that parasitize poultry

In addition to fleas, there are many other parasites that can threaten the health of birds. It is important for bird keepers to be familiar with all potential enemies to ensure the safety of their birds.

Downy eaters

These mites feed on pigeon feathers and shed skin particles. Their color varies from yellow to brown. Empty spaces appear on the birds' feathers, and feathers begin to fall out rapidly. Down feather eaters live mainly in the plumage of birds, sometimes infecting their paws. It is almost impossible to get rid of these mites without the use of special drugs.

Blood-sucking flies

These parasites are also known as bloodsuckers. They cause severe pain to birds, causing itching and discomfort after bites. Tick ​​bites can cause birds to stop feeding and be unable to hatch eggs properly. Sometimes this can even lead to birds abandoning their nests due to loss of spatial orientation. Chicks exposed to these mites may be born weak and underdeveloped. Typically, breeders do not treat such chicks because the mite itself must first be removed.

When on a bird, mites prefer to live around the neck and tail. By parasitizing the bird, mites force it to be constantly in an excited state, it cleans its feathers repeatedly and sleeps poorly. The separation of feathers from the skin is also a clear sign of infestation with these parasites.

Pigeon mite

These parasites are active at night and have a spherical body with a diameter of up to 4 mm. By feeding on blood, they can increase in size three times. This species of mites has a long life cycle, so birds can suffer from their effects for several years.

Adults do not experience severe discomfort from the bites of these ticks: after the attack, only slight itching and pale skin remain. However, pigeon mites can have a serious negative impact on chicks whose immune systems are unable to quickly replace lost blood and heal bites. If the breeder does not take timely measures to disinfest the home, this may lead to a reduction in the size of the brood of pigeons.

Red bird mite

These mites have a yellow-brown body measuring 0,7 mm and live for about two months. Avoiding the sun's rays, they often hide in the cracks of dovecotes. The human eye is able to notice these insects only when they are saturated with blood, have increased in size and acquired a red tint.

Red bird mites live in the body of birds, including the beak, trachea, larynx and esophagus. This causes constant twitching of the limbs, inflammation of the mucous membranes and developmental delays in birds.

Scabies mite

These mites are less than 1 mm in size and differ from other species in that they do not suck blood, but feed on skin cells where they live. Penetrating into the epithelial layer, they cause constant itching in birds. Birds that sense their presence are forced to pluck their feathers in an attempt to get rid of these parasites.

Scabies mites have the ability to parasitize human epithelium, causing itching and discomfort in people.

Bird bugs

Unlike other types of bedbugs, pigeon bedbugs are very small and can live up to six months without eating, which makes identifying them extremely difficult. Female bedbugs can suck blood for several days and lay dozens of eggs at the same time. The larvae of these insects are very voracious, and often the chicks suffer from them, whose body is quickly depleted.

Bird bugs have a dramatic negative impact on birds. They bite painfully and are active both during the day and at night, which leads to insomnia and irritability in pigeons. Moreover, bedbugs can transmit pigeon pox through their saliva, which quickly kills birds.

To treat bird bugs, special preparations are used in parallel with professional treatment of dovecotes or bird cages.


Worms are worms up to 7 mm long that live in the intestines of birds. They can enter the body of birds through food, water or earthworms, which some feathered creatures feed on. When pigeons are infected with worms, signs may appear such as decreased appetite, lethargy and vomiting. Worms are especially dangerous for chicks, since their fragile bodies cannot cope with these parasites and often succumb.

To prevent infection, it is enough to regularly clean the place where the birds live and monitor their health.

Harm from fleas

Fleas have a negative impact on human health because many species of these insects carry large amounts of harmful bacteria on their bodies.

Fleas are carriers of the following diseases:

  • Plagues;
  • Tifa;
  • Hepatitis A;
  • Brucellosis;
  • Salmonellosis;
  • Tularemia;
  • Encephalitis.

If you have signs of allergies and find bites on your body, it is worth checking for fleas in your home. Their presence poses a danger to human life. In order not to waste time, it is recommended to have the premises professionally treated. The Marafet service team will inspect the premises, determine the extent of the spread of fleas in the apartment and begin disinfestation. We will also help you get rid of other pests such as rodents, viruses and bacteria, as well as eliminate unpleasant odors, etc.

Poultry house disinsection

To ensure the safety of your bird, it is important to keep the cage or house clean regularly. Bird fleas reproduce much faster in dirty conditions because dirt and bird excrement contain organic matter that serves as food for the insects. It is also important to pay attention to the condition of bird nests.

Equally important is timely repair of the poultry house. The bird house should be tightly sealed and there should be no cracks or holes through which vermin can enter.

Carrying out professional pest control of the premises will help not only get rid of adult individuals, but also prevent the development of larvae. Therefore, it is recommended to carry out this treatment monthly to ensure a safe environment for your birds.

Destruction of fleas in the house

When fleas are found in your home, it is extremely important to immediately begin combating them. It is necessary to wash bedding, curtains and clothes at high temperatures, as flea larvae and eggs can hide in furniture, baseboards and other hiding places. To combat parasites, it is recommended to carry out wet cleaning using detergents to destroy some of the insects. If you have pets such as cats or dogs, their fur should also be treated with a special flea treatment, or taken to a veterinarian to check for any affected areas on their body or wounds on the skin.

To combat fleas in an apartment, you can use the following methods:

  1. Fresh herbs: Place them in areas where fleas congregate. However, this method does not affect flea eggs.
  2. Citrus: Place citrus peels throughout your apartment. But be careful, as the citrus smell can be unpleasant to pets.
  3. Temperature effects: Infested clothing can be frozen, and items damaged by fleas can be oven-treated.
  4. Wood shavings: Place it near the animals' sleeping areas and toilet. Its smell repels fleas.
  5. Garlic: Prepare a solution based on garlic and water and spray the apartment. The pungent odor of garlic is harmful to fleas, but can also be unpleasant to humans.
  6. Soda solution: Treat the furniture and floor with a mixture of soda, salt and ammonia. However, you should be careful with ammonia so as not to cause poisoning with its vapors.
  7. Chemical substances: Use special chemicals to treat your home. It is important to follow the instructions strictly to avoid poisoning.

Despite the effectiveness of these methods, there is no substitute for professional pest control.

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What is the danger that fleas pose to humans?

Fleas can become a source of infectious diseases for humans. When fleas bite, they inject their saliva into the skin, which can lead to rapid transmission of viral bacteria into the blood. The appearance of fleas can also cause an exacerbation of allergies in a person, accompanied by fever, inflammation of the lymph nodes, swelling, redness and itching of the skin. In addition, some types of fleas can disturb the peace of pets. For cats, dogs and other animals, the presence of fleas becomes stressful, causing insomnia and irritability. Therefore, regular treatment of pet fur with special products is an important precaution.

Where can fleas come from in an apartment?

Fleas can enter the house on a person's shoes or clothing after a walk. They may also jump on pet fur. Owners of apartments on the first and last floors of city buildings are especially at risk. Fleas can enter through cracks from bird nests in the attic or through pipes from utility rooms. In basements, insects can live on cats and rats, laying eggs on their fur. When migrating, they can easily change hosts and attack dogs, people and other animals. In country houses, fleas can find refuge in the floor, feeding on the blood of its inhabitants.

What types of fleas most often live in apartments?

The most common fleas are dog and cat fleas. Some owners are not attentive enough to the condition of their pets' fur, which creates convenient conditions for these parasites to settle. In addition, fleas can spread to pets from pigeons and other birds in public places such as parks, squares and squares. In addition, rat and human fleas can live in houses. All of these species can choose humans as their host, posing a potential threat.

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