Domestic insects: extermination

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Even in modern, comfortable and well-kept apartments located in large cities, it is not uncommon to encounter the problem of pests. Bedbugs, cockroaches and other pests can make our daily lives difficult, damaging things and threatening our health. Insect control requires significant effort and expense.

Many people try to solve the problem on their own, resorting to traditional methods or using household insecticides from the nearest store. However, insects have the ability to adapt to difficult conditions and chemicals. In addition, there is a risk of calculation errors, in which not all necessary processing areas may be missed. If the number of insects in the apartment is already significant, it is almost impossible to cope with them on your own.

Damage from domestic insects

Homes are inhabited by both blood-sucking insects that attack humans and domestic animals, as well as those that are not biting, but nevertheless cause serious harm.

Bedbug and flea bites can be painful, and constantly scratching the bites can lead to wound infections. Discarded chitin shells and insect waste products often become a source of allergic reactions, including asthma.

However, the main danger is that almost all of these parasites are carriers of serious infections that can cause epidemics.

If you don't take action to eliminate the insects, they can eventually spread not only throughout your apartment, but also move to your neighbors. Effective insect control should be carried out jointly with the owners of neighboring apartments.

If you notice signs of bedbugs, cockroaches or other pests in your apartment, it is important to take immediate action. Insect control may be more successful if the population is still small and action is taken at the earliest stages.

Where do insects come from in an apartment?

You are a wonderful housewife who carefully monitors the cleanliness of your apartment and regularly carries out wet cleaning. But where might insects come from in your ideal home? There can be many reasons for this phenomenon.

Ways by which insects can appear in your premises:

  1. Pests can easily enter your home from the street. For example, fleas can jump onto your pet from other animals during a walk, and insect eggs can stick to the soles of your shoes along with street dust.
  2. Ants and other insects can enter your home through cracks in walls or through plants. For example, an unexpected surprise may be the presence of insects in a beautiful bouquet of flowers.
  3. Parasites often “travel” with things or furniture. For example, you can pick up bedbugs on a train or in a hotel. Even new furniture from a warehouse can be infested with pests. And there is no need to talk about used clothes and furniture.
  4. Insects can enter your home through ventilation systems, drains, or through unnoticed cracks in walls from neighbors.

When insects get into your apartment, they become a serious problem and begin to actively reproduce, feed on your blood and the blood of your pets, and also spoil your things. The fight against them should begin immediately, while the number of insects is still small.

Different types of insects in houses

A variety of insects not only cause discomfort with their presence in the apartment, but also pose various threats to our comfort. Their varied lifestyles imply different types of harm to us. Neighborhood with insects in the same room is unacceptable for humans, so it is important to carry out effective destruction of all types of parasites. In the next section, we will look at what types of insects can infest apartments and how to best get rid of them.

Bed bugs in the apartment

Bedbugs are one of the most annoying and survivable blood-sucking insects. Their nocturnal lifestyle makes them less noticeable, making them difficult to spot in an apartment.

Ways to determine the presence of bed bugs include observing bites, blood, and droppings on bedding. Their appearance may be associated with travel, migration from neighboring contaminated premises, or even with belongings.

Bedbugs require certain living conditions, and their destruction can be carried out using various methods. Household methods include freezing, high temperatures, sealing and using traps. For example, contaminated items can be exposed to cold temperatures, treated with hot steam, or placed in plastic bags to seal them.

Bed bug control can be challenging and it is important to locate and treat all potential bed bug hiding places. Otherwise, even a small number of surviving individuals may lead to a new population, requiring re-treatment.

Fleas in the home

Fleas are the most common concern for pet owners. However, even in the absence of pets, these insects can enter the house.

Fleas can feed not only on the blood of animals, but also attack humans if there is no other source of food. However, due to the peculiarities of their paw structure, fleas cannot live on human skin for a long time. They move exclusively by jumping, and they cannot reach above the knee of an adult. The hair on a person's legs does not provide enough convenient space for fleas to attach themselves.

Fleas require certain conditions to reproduce, such as a warm, moist environment. In conditions of too high or low temperature, as well as low humidity, fleas do not survive. They also need constant access to a power source.

The main habitats for fleas are carpets, upholstery, soft toys and pet beds. Regular vacuuming will help get rid of flea eggs and larvae that may be in the fibers and folds of upholstery.

It is also important to treat pets with special preparations at least once a year. Preventive measures will help prevent insects from appearing in your home.

Flies in the apartment

Flies do not usually bite humans, but are a serious problem due to their impact on food and their rapid rate of reproduction. Before getting into the apartment, the flies could visit various places, such as sewers, garbage dumps and places with excrement. Dirt accumulates on the feet of flies, and they can also carry infectious agents.

One of the reasons why flies may appear in the house is the purchase of overripe fruits, as well as moving them along with new indoor plants.

Flies exist in certain conditions: warm and humid environments. They feed on fruits, juices, produce, leftover food on plates and even grease stuck to the stove.

To get rid of flies, it is important to maintain cleanliness: wash dishes immediately after eating, remove crumbs, do not leave food on the table, throw out garbage promptly and fix leaks. In a clean, dry and ventilated apartment without access to food, flies lose interest in living.

If the number of flies is too high, household insecticides such as aerosols, crayons and traps must be used.

Ants in the home

Ants can become a nuisance both in the home and in the garden, causing damage to crops, indoor plants, food, furniture and even wiring. To combat ants, it is recommended to follow the same preventive measures as when fighting flies: maintain cleanliness, carry out regular cleaning and carefully store food.

To treat ant habitats in the house, you can use special preparations in the form of chalk or effective adhesive tapes. In the garden, it is recommended to use special soil treatment products to eliminate ant colonies.

Cockroaches in the kitchen

Yes, cockroaches most often live in the kitchen or bathroom, where the temperature and humidity conditions are optimal for their development. In apartments you can usually find black or red cockroaches, which differ in both color and size. These two species rarely coexist in the same room.

Despite the popular belief that cockroaches do not bite, facts indicate cases of them attacking humans. When there is a lack of food, cockroaches can nibble on earlobes and the delicate skin of the eyelids.

Cockroaches can get into an apartment by accident, moving in with food or things from the store, as well as moving from neighbors. Therefore, it is important to immediately begin combating these insects. Keeping your apartment clean and tidy is key, as creating unfavorable conditions for cockroaches helps prevent their presence. Tenacious pests can adapt to strong household insecticides, so maintaining cleanliness is an important aspect of effective control.

Moth in favorite clothes

Moths are a type of parasite that feed on tissue. If you find unexpected holes in your favorite dress or bald spots on your fur coat, most likely you have moths.

There are several methods for killing moths. One of the most popular is placing mothballs in the closet. You can also treat clothing using a household insecticide.

Insect control: folk methods

Very often, people avoid using household insecticides for various reasons, such as allergies or fear of poisoning from chemicals. Despite this, cleanliness and the absence of pests in the house, such as bedbugs, cockroaches and other insects, are important to everyone.

In such cases, folk remedies come to the rescue, most of which are aimed at repelling insects rather than destroying them. These methods are effective as a preventive measure or if the number of insects is still small.

Traditional methods include:
1. Strongly scented herbs such as chamomile, lavender and wormwood that repel insects. Dry or fresh herbs can be placed around the apartment to fill it with a fresh aroma.
2. Essential oils such as tea tree, lavender and eucalyptus, which are not carried by bedbugs and other parasites. Essential oils can be used in bags or added to water for cleaning.
3. Vinegar and ammonia, whose smell insects do not like. They can be added to water for washing floors and treating surfaces in the apartment.
4. Naphthalene and kerosene, which have a detrimental effect on the nervous system of insects.
5. Boric acid, which affects the nervous and digestive systems of insects. It can be used in the form of balls or powder in areas where parasites live.
6. Traps such as containers of water or oil against bedbugs and sticky tapes against flies, cockroaches and ants.
7. Ultrasonic repellers that can drive insects out of the room.

The listed methods are usually effective in case of small numbers of insects, but in more complex situations the use of household insecticides is recommended.

Household insecticides

If the use of folk remedies does not lead to the desired result, you can consider using household insecticides, which are readily available at your local store. Here are the main types of such drugs:

  1. Aerosols: This type is one of the most common. It is easy to use and inexpensive. However, it should be noted that aerosols have a short-term effect and several applications may be required to completely kill insects. They are universal and can be used against various types of domestic insects.
  2. Gels: These medications are more effective than aerosols and last longer. It is convenient to apply the gel, but after killing the insects, it is necessary to carefully remove the residue from the surfaces.
  3. Solutions: Concentrated products that must be diluted with water before treatment.
  4. Crayons: This type of drug is not suitable for all types of insects, but it works well against cockroaches. However, some other types of parasites can die from poisoning from the substance contained in the crayons.

When working with insecticides, certain rules should be followed to ensure safety and effectiveness:

  • Read the instructions on the package carefully.
  • Use a mask and gloves to avoid poisoning even from vapors of the product.
  • Carry out a wet cleaning before treatment, move furniture away from the walls, close doors and windows, and put things away.
  • After treatment, ventilate the room well and remove any remaining product.
  • Locate all insect habitats to prevent re-infestation.
  • Remove children and pets from the home.
  • One treatment may not be enough, so repeat the procedure if necessary.

If independent efforts do not bring results, it is recommended to seek help from professionals who can help quickly and effectively get rid of pests.

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What to do if there are a lot of insects in the room?

If there are a large number of insects in your room, it is necessary to urgently take measures to destroy them. You can use various traditional methods, such as aromatic herbs, essential oils, vinegar, naphthalene, ammonia or boric acid, and also place traps throughout the apartment. Ultrasonic repellers are also popular. It is important to find out the reason for the appearance of insects in the house, actively ventilate the premises, regularly carry out wet cleaning and seal cracks in the walls and floors. Don't forget to use household insecticides, which will ensure faster removal of pests.

What kills insects?

The most effective insecticides in killing insects are insecticides that come in various forms: aerosols, sprays, gels, solutions or crayons. You can also try folk remedies, such as boric acid beads. Boric acid causes dehydration in bedbugs, flies, ants and other insects, and also affects their nervous system, causing paralysis and ultimately leading to death.

What insects can live in an apartment?

Various types of pests can appear in apartments, such as bedbugs, cockroaches, ants, as well as different types of flies. Regardless of the type of parasite, their appearance requires urgent disposal. Many of these insects can not only be annoying, but also carry dangerous diseases, including plague, encephalitis and typhus. Trying to control insects on your own can be time-consuming, and if the desired results are not achieved, it is recommended to seek the help of pest control professionals to quickly and effectively solve the problem.

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