How to get rid of lice - treatment of pediculosis

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Lice are often associated with poor hygiene and shame, but in reality, this disease is not always dependent on the level of hygiene. Lice feed on human blood, biting him and laying 5-10 eggs daily, which are firmly attached to the hair. Symptoms of head lice include itching, a feeling of hair moving, nits and small spots on the scalp and neck.

You can get rid of lice and nits using various methods, which we will discuss later. It is important to determine the cause of lice before you begin to deal with them on yourself or your child.

Causes of pediculosis

The source of lice most often are kindergartens, schools, camps, sanatoriums, clubs, swimming pools, city beaches and other places where children and teenagers gather. Head and body lice are spread from person to person through direct contact or through clothing, underwear and household items such as combs.

To successfully cope with the problem of lice and nits, you need to take the process very seriously. This includes the use of special medications, traditional methods and other means, such as specialized combs and combs for lice and nits.

causes of lice

Symptoms of pediculosis

Symptoms of head lice include:

- Itching at the site of the louse bite
- Small grayish-bluish spots on the skin
- Scratching on the scalp
— The presence of nits (lice eggs) in the hair

From the moment of lice infection to the first signs of illness, it can take from several days to a month.

Symptoms of pediculosis

How to get rid of lice and nits

Over-the-counter shampoos or lotions containing dimethicone and mineral oils are often used to treat head lice. They create a film that deprives lice and nits of oxygen, and they die. Permethrin-based insecticides can also be used, but with caution.

Be sure to consult your doctor if you have special circumstances, such as pregnancy or breastfeeding. Remember to check all family members for lice and treat them at the same time if any are found. Use a special nit comb to remove nits. After treating your hair, do not blow-dry it or use regular shampoo for 1-2 days.

There is no need to disinfect the entire apartment, but it is worth washing bed linen, towels and clothes at high temperatures, as well as washing combs and head accessories. If lice are found, it is important to report this to the appropriate institution so that other children can be checked.

Often, a lice problem remains hidden, making it difficult to detect and localize. It is best to get rid of lice at an early stage of infection, when they have not yet had time to lay many eggs (nits) on the hair.

how to get rid of lice and nits

How to remove lice at home

At the first sign of lice, we often try to deal with the problem on our own before contacting a doctor. Removing lice at home can take some effort, especially if you or your child has long, thick hair.

In addition to the radical solution - complete hair removal, there are a number of other methods, such as anti-lice shampoos, ointments, aerosols, as well as folk remedies, which are often used to eliminate lice.

head lice treatment at home

Folk remedies for lice (pediculosis)

At the first signs of head lice, folk remedies can be very effective. Combing out lice is one of the safest methods and one of the oldest ways to combat them. However, its main disadvantage is the time required for the combing process.

Lice shampoos are available in pharmacies without a prescription and are recommended for use in combination with combing, according to the instructions.

Dust or tar soap is also effective, which should be used to wash your hair and wrap it in cellophane for 15-20 minutes, and then rinse thoroughly. Turpentine ointment is also an affordable remedy, but can leave a greasy residue on the hair.

Narodnef lice remedies

Using decoctions of burdock, St. John's wort or chamomile in combination with combing can also be effective in combating lice.

It is important to remember that getting rid of lice is only the beginning of the process, as nits can remain on the hair and continue the infection. Regularly changing bedding and clothing is also necessary to avoid re-infection.

Pharmacy remedies for lice

Lice medications are available today that can be used in combination with traditional methods to speed up the process of getting rid of lice.

Hellebore water has an antiparasitic effect on lice and nits found on the head and clothes. It destroys the intestines of lice, preventing their reproduction. In addition, this drug helps strengthen hair, restores damaged areas of the scalp and has an antibacterial effect.

To use hellebore water, apply it to washed hair using cotton swabs or a sponge, then wrap your hair for 25-30 minutes and rinse with warm water several times. It is also recommended to comb your hair with a thick comb to remove dead lice and nits.

Remember that before using hellebore water, you should consult your doctor.

Prevention of lice (pediculosis)

There is no single proven way to prevent head lice, but we can significantly reduce the likelihood of its occurrence.

You should maintain good personal hygiene and do not lend your belongings, including combs, to other people.

After swimming in a river or pool, it is important to thoroughly rinse, dry and comb your hair to prevent possible lice.

Close contact, such as head-to-head contact, should be avoided at school or other places.

Encourage children to refrain from using other people's beds and pillows when visiting friends.

Taking these simple precautions will help you and your child stay healthy and avoid the need for lice treatment.

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