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How quickly do bedbugs reproduce?

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None of us can be sure that his apartment is protected from the appearance of unwanted insects, even if the house is kept perfectly clean. The appearance of pests becomes a source of numerous troubles for residents, and bedbugs are one of these unpleasant guests.

Today we will discuss how quickly bedbugs reproduce in an apartment in order to better understand how to carry out procedures for their destruction.

Method of reproduction of bed bugs

Bed bugs reproduce in a unique way in an apartment, known as “traumatic insemination.” The male bug penetrates the female and literally pierces her abdomen, creating a hole and transferring his seminal fluid. Despite the initial brutality, this process is effective in continuing the spread of bed bugs, even when access to food is limited. The female, in case of hunger, can feed on the eggs inside herself, maintaining the potential for resumption of the population in more favorable conditions.

Thus, the reproduction of bed bugs in an apartment is carried out using a method that can ensure their survival in difficult conditions, maintaining the population for a long time. The speed of reproduction also makes the problem of bedbugs in the apartment especially serious.

What do bed bug eggs look like?

To effectively combat parasites, it is important to know what bedbug eggs look like. These parasites leave small oblong objects about 1 millimeter in size in the apartment, shaped like grains of rice. The outer surface of the eggs has a lid and an exit hole. When the larvae reach a certain stage, they leave the protective shell, ready to start feeding.

The outer shell serves as protection from external factors and mechanical damage, but it is not airtight, allowing the exchange of gases. The shells are completely smooth on the outside. The size of bedbug eggs is small, since even adult females rarely exceed 7 millimeters in length.

The number of eggs in one clutch is not constant and can vary from 5 to 8 pieces, and with abundant feeding of bedbugs, this number can increase. To lay eggs, a pregnant female must drink at least 7 milliliters of blood. Scientists report that females can lay approximately 400 eggs during their lifetime.

What happens to eggs after bed bugs breed?

For bedbugs to reproduce successfully, certain conditions are necessary, the most important of which are humidity levels and temperature. Bedbugs prefer conditions that are comfortable for them at a temperature of about +25 degrees Celsius. With these parameters, the embryo develops to the larval stage in approximately 5–7 days. If the temperature rises to +35 degrees, this process accelerates and the embryos develop in 4 days.

Then 35 to 40 days pass, and the larva turns into an adult. After this, the male begins an active search for a female for further reproduction of the population.

When do bedbugs stop reproducing?

Although female bed bugs are capable of laying eggs throughout their life cycle once they mature, certain factors can stop bed bugs from reproducing. One of these factors is food shortage. Bedbugs are able to survive without food for about a year, during which time they enter a state of suspended animation, and females even digest embryonic eggs in their body to maintain nutritional balance.

Another problem that prevents bedbugs from breeding is a certain level of temperature in the room. At temperatures below +10 degrees, bedbugs stop reproducing due to a decrease in the activity of their body. At lower temperatures from +15 to +18 degrees, the larvae appear after 14 or even 20 days, and at temperatures from 0 to +10 degrees, the development of eggs stops completely.

Humidity also affects the reproduction of bedbugs. Too much humidity can damage the eggs due to mold, causing them to die. Therefore, bedbugs choose places with a normal level of humidity for laying. After the appearance of newborn bedbugs, a new stage of development begins, which includes five stages of development. The larvae, as soon as they hatch from the eggs, begin to feed on blood, and, interestingly, small bugs, rather than mature individuals, bite people more often.

Finding bedbug eggs

Female bedbugs choose nesting sites that are close to a food source and provide safety for the development of their offspring. Nymphs, or larvae as experts call them, are slow-moving and can easily become endangered.

In fact, bedbugs in an apartment are attracted to dry and warm places where there are no sudden changes in temperature. They avoid metal and plastic surfaces because they make it difficult for eggs to attach to them. They give preference to surfaces such as wood or fabric, where the eggs are more conveniently attached.

For pregnant females, sleeping places such as sofas and beds are the most attractive because they provide easier access to the human body. Because of this, bed bugs are also called bed bugs. Bedbug eggs can usually be found in the upholstery of sofas, between parts of furniture frames and similar hiding places.

If you suspect that your home is infested with bedbugs and you are trying to find their eggs, you should pay special attention to bedding and the inside of furniture when searching.

Ways bedbugs enter an apartment

Bedbugs can appear in a variety of places. These parasites can attach to clothing or objects in a variety of settings, including hotels, B&Bs, and rental apartments. Thus, bed bugs can be "transported" into your home due to travel abroad, and, of course, they can enter your home through your neighbors.

When it comes to finding new habitats, bedbugs are highly inventive. They can enter various spaces through vents, basements, attics, and other areas of the home that lack sanitation. Additionally, one of the most common places bed bugs live is in bird nests.

Eliminate bedbugs and their nests

To successfully get rid of insects, it is important to first determine the exact location of their nests. It is recommended that you carefully examine the following areas:

  • Various gaps in the house, such as in floors, baseboards and walls.
  • Upholstered parts of furniture, especially beds.
  • Carpets and mattresses.
  • Curtains.
  • Gaps in and behind wallpaper.
  • Sockets and vents.
  • Reverse sides of the paintings.

It is important to conduct a thorough inspection using a powerful flashlight and magnifying glass. Bed bugs reproduce very quickly, so they could spread throughout the apartment and establish nests in several places. Adults rarely move from their nests, so you may be able to spot clutches over time.

It is important to note that the female does not lay eggs on humans or pets. After discovering masonry, it is recommended to immediately begin treating the premises in order to finally get rid of the population of bedbugs in the house.

Features of the fight against bedbugs

Removing adult bedbugs is a difficult task, as the experience of professional exterminators confirms. Even if even one undetected egg remains, the population will recover again and the process will have to start all over again.

This is because bedbugs and their nests are highly resistant to most modern treatments. The shell on the eggs additionally protects the offspring from external influences. Once inside the eggs, future bed bugs are completely protected. The rapid reproduction rate of bed bugs means that new populations, once they reach the desired stage of development, become immune to your control methods. Therefore, it is necessary to repeat the treatment process several times to completely eliminate pests.

Key ways to combat bedbugs

There are several methods for treating a room from bedbugs; let’s look at them in more detail.

Mechanical method

This method is the simplest. You just need to collect all the bed bugs with your hands using special gloves. Finding the place where the insects live, crush each egg. This cannot be done with a vacuum cleaner, as the females attach the eggs tightly.

Heat treatment

Bed bugs are very sensitive to temperature changes. Bedbugs will die at a temperature of +50–+60 degrees. Therefore, you can wash things in the machine by setting the appropriate parameters. Hard surfaces can be treated with a steam generator. This method has the advantage of not being accompanied by an unpleasant odor or chemical emissions. The disadvantage is that it cannot be processed in places such as sockets.

Chemical method

Chemical treatment requires the selection of effective agents. Ovicidal drugs, such as various emulsions, are popular. These agents act for a long time, destroying the contents of eggs even through the shell. However, the use of chemicals is accompanied by a strong odor, and the treatment must be repeated after a week to prevent a possible resumption of the bed bug population.

How quickly do bed bugs spread?


How do bedbugs get into the house?

It is enough to bring one pregnant female from the street for bedbugs to settle in your home, taking over the new space. They often enter homes on clothing, old clothes, furniture and other everyday items. Therefore, it is recommended to exercise caution and prevent bedbugs.

Is it possible to get rid of bedbugs in a sofa?

There are several traditional methods for getting rid of bedbugs, but not all of them provide final results. However, they are worth a try if you have the time. Bed bugs do not like sudden changes in temperature, so you can safely treat your sofa with steam. Chemical treatments against these parasites are also available. They should be properly dissolved in water according to the instructions and treated all parts of the sofa.

How do bedbugs reproduce?

The method of reproduction of bedbugs is called traumatic: the male causes damage to the abdomen and genitals of the female. This method significantly increases the chances of producing offspring, even if the population faces problems in obtaining food. The breeding process takes approximately 30 days. Over the course of her entire life, a female can lay up to 400 eggs with a minimum number of fertilizations.

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