How to Fight Drosophila

6 minutes. for reading

Fruit flies are those little flies that can appear in your home, seemingly out of nowhere, as soon as you forget a cut apple in the kitchen. And as soon as one of them flies inside, it seems that other annoying midges fly in after it and bring their neighbors. This sounds familiar, right? Fruit midges seem to be more acceptable than regular flies (after all, as we know, everything is relative); They don't bite, don't bother the ears and are quite shy. But one thing is for sure - few people want to see midges darting around before their eyes and landing on food in their kitchen.

Who are fruit flies?

Fruit flies, or fruit flies, get their middle name from their preference for fruits and other organic matter such as dairy products and wine. These midges are related to the common gray flies, but they are smaller and in some ways cleaner. While gray flies feed on meat, fruit flies require rotten organic matter, such as fruit, to survive. These insects, like regular flies, are synanthropic, meaning that they have adapted to living near humans and depend on them for reproduction and nutrition.

How do they get into our homes? One way is to buy products that are already contaminated with fruit fly eggs. You can also carry the eggs on your shoes, especially if you stepped on an area where the midge eggs were. Animals can also inadvertently lay eggs on their fur or paws, for example.

The larva, having hatched from the egg, spends some time in a cocoon and then after a few days becomes an adult midge with red eyes and a dark belly. These small creatures multiply at an amazing rate, making them unpleasant guests in our homes.


Drosophila and humans

If fruit flies have appeared in your apartment, this means that they were attracted by overripe fruits, forgotten dairy products and other food scraps. Even if you can't see their source, if the midges continue to appear, this means that the rotting fruit may be somewhere unseen. Interestingly, fruit flies may not appear immediately: the larvae can overwinter in a package with onions and fly out in the spring in search of food.

As mentioned, fruit flies are synanthropic insects, meaning they are dependent on human presence. They seek warmth, access to food and breeding conditions. Therefore, they often settle in a kitchen that provides everything they need: a constant source of food, stable temperature and humidity. If you do not take timely measures to combat midges, getting rid of them later will become much more difficult.

How to get rid of fruit flies

Thus, we figured out who fruit flies are, how they can get into your home and why their numbers can quickly increase. But the main question remains open: how to get rid of fruit flies indoors? Now, having basic knowledge about fruit flies, you can consider methods of controlling them.

As is the case with any other insects, there are two main categories of means of combating fruit flies: “official”, based on chemicals, and traditional methods, less effective, but more accessible for use in domestic conditions.

Folk remedies

As is the case with the fight against other insects, using traditional methods to get rid of fruit flies has its pros and cons. Among the disadvantages, one can highlight not the highest efficiency. Among the advantages are accessibility and ease of use, as well as complete safety for humans and animals. The materials used do not pose any health threat and can be easily found in a pharmacy or supermarket.

Here are a few folk remedies that can help you cope with midges in your apartment:

  1. Vinegar Traps: Wrap a plastic cup in cling film and poke a few holes. Place several of these traps in different places. Place a piece of fruit at the bottom of the glasses or pour vinegar, wine or compote. Midges will be attracted by the smell and get inside, and will not be able to get back out.
  2. Vinegar essence: Using a spray bottle will help to spray the vinegar solution in areas where midges often appear.
  3. Plant Processing: If midges appear on plants, change the soil in the pots. Then prepare a weak solution of potassium permanganate and water and treat the plants, leaving for a few minutes. This solution will help disinfect the plants.
  4. Planting geraniums or tomatoes: Midges do not like the smell of these plants, so plant them in the apartment.
  5. Garlic and horseradish: Mash the cloves of garlic or horseradish root and distribute them in places where midges are often visible. The smell will keep them away.
  6. Fragrant cloves: mix five grams of ground cloves with a glass of boiling water and leave for several hours. Place the solution in the apartment, and its smell will repel midges.

Remember that these methods can be effective if used correctly and if the instructions are followed carefully.


Unlike traditional methods of fighting midges, the use of special chemicals allows you to quickly and effectively get rid of them. However, such remedies have their drawbacks, including the need to purchase in specialized stores, a higher price compared to folk remedies, as well as certain restrictions in use, especially in the kitchen.

One commonly cited chemical for killing midges is acetamiprid. This moderately toxic composition is capable of destroying not only fruit flies, but also other parasites such as cockroaches, bedbugs and ants. Acetamiprid paralyzes insects, leading to their death in the shortest possible time. This drug is effective against both larvae and adult midges.

When using chemicals, be sure to follow the recommendations, especially regarding use on kitchen surfaces. Despite the moderate toxicity of acetamiprid, it remains a chemical that must be handled with care and safety precautions.

How to prevent midges from appearing

We've already discussed how to get rid of midges, but it's also important to know how to prevent them from appearing in the future. Here are some simple ways to help you avoid hordes of midges in your kitchen:

  1. Manage plant watering: Avoid overwatering to prevent the accumulation of standing water, which can become a breeding ground for midges.
  2. Get rid of trash in a timely manner: Take out the trash regularly and dispose of rotten vegetables and fruits. This will prevent midges from finding a food source in your home.
  3. Store food correctly: Store foods, especially grains, in dry places and preferably in covered containers to prevent midges from accessing them.
  4. Avoid Spills: Try not to spill liquids such as wine and dairy products to avoid attracting midges.
  5. Keep your kitchen clean: Clean your kitchen regularly and make sure there are no pieces of food left on the table or floor.

As you can see from these methods, the main solution to the problem lies in keeping the areas where you store food clean. Since midges come to you with food, providing food for them in the public domain will help prevent them and get rid of them in your home. Also pay attention to potted plants, as midges may appear among the flowers. If you notice fruit flies in your plants and get rid of them, you may have already done a good job of keeping midges out of your home.

Drosophila: in conclusion

Drosophila flies are a real disaster for anyone who has ever forgotten fruits and vegetables on the table. Few insects can irritate humans as much as these fruit flies. However, as we have already found out, there are effective control methods that are guaranteed to remove midges from your home and allow you to enjoy your food without being distracted by insect control.

Even if fruit flies suddenly appeared in your apartment and their number is alarming, don’t worry: with the right combination of folk remedies and chemicals, as well as following simple cleanliness rules, you can get rid of fruit flies for a long time and make them forget the way to your home!

How to Get Rid of Fruit Flies (3 Simple Steps)


Do fruit flies bite?

No, and this is because fruit flies are too small to penetrate human skin. Their size does not even allow them to reach blood vessels through the surface of the skin. In addition, fruit flies are not blood-sucking insects and do not bite people either for their own safety or for food. However, as already mentioned, other problems are possible due to Drosophila laying eggs in food, which can lead to food poisoning.

Can fruit flies be useful?

The Drosophila organism is an excellent object for testing the effects of chemicals and studying the effect of various compounds on a living organism. Fly genes mutate very quickly, so geneticists often turn to fruit flies to model various changes.

By the way, fruit flies are popular among terrarium keepers! They are used as food for amphibians.

Do fruit flies eat meat?

No, unlike their relatives, gray flies, fruit flies do not eat meat. They prefer rotten vegetables and fruits. However, if raw meat is forgotten on your table, instead of fruit flies, other unpleasant guests may appear on it, ranging from flies to other types of insects.

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