Why are cockroaches dangerous?

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Many people are disgusted by the appearance of cockroaches, considering them just a nuisance. However, not everyone is aware that these pests are far from harmless. If you find cockroaches in your apartment, it is important to take immediate action to eliminate them.

Where do cockroaches come from in a person’s apartment?

There are many reasons for the appearance of cockroaches in the house, and the main one is considered to be a violation of sanitary standards.

However, there are several other ways cockroaches can get into your home:

  1. Transfer of goods: Cockroaches can accidentally enter your home through food or items you purchased at the store.
  2. With furniture: Your home can become home to cockroaches if they are brought in with your furniture. This is especially true when purchasing used furniture, but even new items can be contaminated.
  3. Migration through gaps: Cockroaches can move from neighbors' apartments through cracks in the floor, ceiling, walls, and also through the ventilation system.
  4. Basement: Unkept basements can be a source of cockroaches, which then “move” into your apartment.

Regardless of how cockroaches got into your home, it is important to keep it clean and tidy to prevent their rapid spread, as well as take steps to eradicate them.

Why are cockroaches dangerous for humans?

Cockroaches have been accompanying humans for centuries. These pests have repeatedly been the source of serious epidemics, and today many people may be allergic to cockroach waste products. The appearance of these insects in apartments can cause health problems for residents.

Infectious diseases spread by cockroaches

We know that cockroaches live in very polluted places, such as basements, garbage dumps and sewers. Feeding on debris and even excrement, these pests become carriers of serious diseases.

Among the infections that cockroaches can carry:

  • Pneumonia;
  • Mycobacteriosis;
  • Pathogens of meningitis, dysentery and salmonellosis;
  • A number of urogenital infections.

In addition to infectious diseases, these pests can spread helminth eggs. Reptiles in polluted and infected places, cockroaches catch pathogens of salmonellosis and meningitis, pneumonia and dysentery, mycobacteriosis and urogenital infections, as well as eggs of pinworms, roundworms and other parasites. By getting into your home and crawling on furniture and food, cockroaches can infect your apartment.

The appearance of these parasites in the house poses a serious threat to the health of all residents, especially children, the elderly and people with chronic diseases.

Harm from cockroaches in the form of allergic reactions

The presence of cockroaches in apartments can cause a variety of allergic reactions in people. This is due to the fact that cockroaches, growing and developing, periodically molt, shedding their chitinous shell. When there is a large population of cockroaches, these shells accumulate in significant quantities. Discarded shells, dead adults and larvae of cockroaches mix with dust and dirt in the home, causing unpleasant symptoms.

When apartment dwellers experience symptoms such as watery eyes, nasal discharge, sneezing, coughing, or skin diseases, people often do not immediately realize that allergies may be the cause. Many people mistakenly associate these symptoms with a cold or viruses. However, undiagnosed and uncontrolled allergies can cause serious problems over time. Simple nasal discharge, for example, can lead to the formation of polyps, while coughing and breathing problems can develop into asthma.

The causes of allergies are always difficult to identify. Many people blame their pets, but if you have cockroaches in your home, they can also cause allergic reactions.

Cockroach attack on people

Many people believe that cockroaches are not a threat because they do not bite. However, if there is not enough food in the house, these pests can even attack humans.

Cockroaches are capable of biting the skin on the tips of the fingers and toes, as well as the area around the mouth, especially the eyelids. Skin lesions on the fingers, lips and eyelids can cause significant concern. In addition, the wound can become a source of infection.

While searching for water, cockroaches often land on humans and can get into the nose, ears, or even the ear canal. In all these situations, it is almost impossible to remove the cockroach on your own, and urgent medical attention is necessary.

Damage to food and things

In addition to the previously mentioned negative effects caused by these insects, cockroaches can also spoil food. Although they do not eat large quantities, all foods that come into contact with these pests should be avoided. This is because cockroaches carry diseases and helminth eggs, and food that comes into contact with the insects can become contaminated.

Sometimes cockroaches can cause damage to furniture upholstery and even chew through electrical wiring. This is another reason why the presence of these parasites is undesirable in any home.

Danger when treating an apartment with disinfectants

There is a belief that most disinfectants are relatively safe for humans. However, when processing an apartment, it is important to adhere to certain rules.

Safe processing rules:

  1. Remove children and pets from the home during treatment.
  2. Use protective equipment such as gloves and a respirator.
  3. After completing the procedure, ventilate the room and thoroughly rinse the entire apartment, wiping every surface where disinfectant particles may remain.
  4. To prevent accidental poisoning by children or pets, promptly remove and dispose of all dead specimens.

By following these recommendations, you can minimize possible risks from the use of chemicals during processing.

What conditions do cockroaches live in?

Cockroaches have outstanding survivability and adapt to a variety of environments. Their varied diet includes almost any organic matter, and getting rid of them can be a challenge. These insects prefer warm and moist environments, but are able to survive even in harsher conditions. Interestingly, they can adapt to certain disinfectants without reacting to them.

In terms of their food, cockroaches can consume:

  • Crumbs and leftover food;
  • Small particles of debris;
  • Residues of fat on the kitchen surface;
  • Food debris in the sink;
  • Foliage of indoor plants;
  • In extreme cases, when resources are scarce, cockroaches can eat each other's wings, organic fragments on the floor, and even attack humans.

Cockroaches are mainly active at night, and during the day they remain hidden in secluded corners: behind the sink, in the drain, near the trash can, under wallpaper, baseboards, behind the backs of furniture and in cracks and crevices.

Knowledge of the characteristics of their lifestyle and nutrition allows you to more effectively choose control methods and carry out the correct preventive measures.

Prevention and extermination of Prussians in the apartment

To minimize the harm caused by cockroaches, it is important to adhere to prevention rules. Remove leftover food, clean up crumbs, wash dishes immediately after eating, regularly take out the trash, thoroughly wash the stove and do wet cleaning. Repair leaks immediately.

If cockroaches are found in your neighbors' apartment, you can prevent them from appearing in your home. Cockroaches don't like strong smells, so using scents like wormwood, lavender, mint and other herbs can repel them. Place fresh or dried herbs around the house or wipe down surfaces with a vinegar solution. These methods will not kill cockroaches, but may help repel them.

To kill cockroaches, it is recommended to use household insecticides. Boric acid is a simple remedy, but not always effective. It is more effective to use ready-made aerosols, gels or crayons. When processing yourself, it is important to carefully examine all possible habitats of cockroaches. Insufficient detection of their refuges may lead to their return and further spread.

If independent efforts to control cockroaches do not lead to results, it is recommended to contact a disinfection professional. Professional treatment ensures complete elimination of cockroaches from your home.

Scientists Explain Why You Can't Get Rid of Cockroaches

F.A.Q.

What threats do cockroaches pose to humans?

The main danger posed by cockroaches is their ability to spread a variety of infectious diseases. Hungry insects can bite the skin on your fingertips, ears and delicate eyelids, as well as spoil food and objects in the house.

Why do cockroaches attack humans?

Parasites seeking water and food can sometimes invade humans. Cockroaches often chew the skin on the ears, tips of fingers and toes, eyelids, around the lips, and can also accidentally get into the ear or nose.

What are the benefits of cockroaches?

Cockroaches are primarily dangerous to humans, but some species of cockroaches can be beneficial in nature. They participate in the decomposition of rotten organic materials, thereby contributing to the purification of nature.

Why do cockroaches feel fear?

Most cockroaches are afraid of strong odors such as lavender, mint, tea tree, vinegar and others. These odors are unpleasant to them, and knowing this, you can use them to repel insects. For example, spreading dried or fresh plants around the apartment or carrying out wet cleaning with the addition of vinegar or essential oils can help repel cockroaches.

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