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How do ants communicate with each other?

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Ants are social insects that have several ways of communicating with each other. With thousands or even millions of ants living in one colony, it is important that these insects can quickly communicate information such as where the next meal is or if there is an intruder entering the nest. Unlike humans, ants do not have the ability to speak so they must communicate in other ways. So how do ants communicate?

On the way Ants communicate:

Aroma (pheromones)

The most important way that ants communicate with other members of the colony is through unique chemicals called pheromones. By using their antenna to "sniff" pheromones, the ants can communicate all of the colony's activities to where food is located.


In addition to helping ants "sniff", also use their antenna to touch each other as a way to communicate. Some ants also use their front legs (called forelegs) along with their antennae when contacting each other.

Movements and body language

Ants also combine pheromones and touch with their unique body. tongue, for example, raising their belly in the air, to communicate. Similar Examples of human body language signals include showing a thumbs up or nodding your head.


Some species of ants make sounds to communicate with each other. Depending on the species, the sounds can mean a variety of things, such as calling for help or attracting a potential mate.


Trophallaxis, or mouth-to-mouth chewing, is a common way for social insects such as bees, termites, and ants to communicate. For ants, trophallaxis can move away to allow colon participants to share food, disseminate important information, and help them separate nest mates from outsiders.


More interesting information about ants can be found in our Ant Guide!

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