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Interesting facts about the Fire Salamander

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We found 22 interesting facts about the Fire Salamander

The largest tailed amphibian in Europe

This colorful and attractive predatory amphibian lives in southwestern Poland. The salamander's body is cylindrical, with a large head and blunt tail. Each individual has its own characteristic and unique pattern of spots on the body. Because of their visual value, fire salamanders are kept in terrariums.


The fire salamander is an amphibian from the salamander family.

It is also known as the spotted lizard and fireweed. There are 8 subspecies of this animal. The subspecies found in Poland is Salamander Salamander Salamander described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758.

This is the largest representative of tailed amphibians in Europe.


Females are larger and more massive than males.

Body length from 10 to 24 cm.

Adult spotted salamanders weigh about 40 grams.


It has black, shiny skin covered in yellow and orange patterns.

Most often, the pattern resembles spots, less often stripes. The underside of the body is more delicate, covered with thinner graphite or brown-gray skin. Both sexes have the same coloration.

They lead a terrestrial lifestyle.

They like damp places near water sources, most often deciduous forests (preferably beech), but they can also be found in coniferous forests, meadows, pastures and near human buildings.

They prefer mountainous and elevated areas.

They are most common between 250 and 1000 meters above sea level, but in the Balkans or Spain they are also common at higher altitudes.

They are active mainly at night, as well as in cloudy and rainy weather.

During the mating season, female fire salamanders are diurnal.

They spend their days in hiding.

They can be found in burrows, crevices, burrows, or under fallen trees.

Fire salamanders are solitary animals.

In winter they may group together, but outside of it they each go their own way.

Both adults and larvae are predators.

Adults hunt insects, earthworms and snails.

Mating begins in April and can continue until autumn.

Copulation occurs on land or in shallow running water. Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tubes.

There is a subspecies of the fire salamander that gives birth to already metamorphosed larvae.


Pregnancy lasts at least 5 months.

Its length is determined by weather factors. Births most often occur between May and April. The female goes to a pond, where she gives birth to 20 to 80 larvae.

Fire salamander larvae live in aquatic environments.

They use external gills to breathe, and their tail is equipped with a fin. They are characterized by high predatory behavior. They feed on small aquatic crustaceans and oligochaetes, but sometimes attack larger prey.

It takes about three months for the larva to develop into an adult.

This process occurs in July or August in the aquatic environment where the larva grew.

The poison contained in the salamander's secretions is not dangerous to humans.

It is pale yellow in color and has a bitter taste, causes a slight burning sensation and may irritate the eyes and mucous membranes. One of the components of the poison is salamandrin.

Under natural conditions, the fire salamander lives for 10 years.

Individuals kept in breeding live twice as long.

The toxins from the glands of these animals were used in rituals.

They helped the priest or shaman enter a trance.

The fire salamander is a symbol of the Kachava foothills.

This is an area located in the Oder River basin, considered part of the Western Sudetes.

They sleep all winter.

Fire salamanders hibernate, which lasts from November/December to March.

Fire salamanders are terrible swimmers.

Sometimes they drown during copulation or heavy rains. Unfortunately, they do not do well on land because they move very clumsily.

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