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Interesting facts about the golden jackal

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We found 14 interesting facts about the golden jackal

A predatory mammal of the wolf genus.

The appearance of the golden jackal in Poland is a perfect example of ongoing climate change around the globe. Changing conditions allow new species to settle in areas where they were not previously found. They wander in search of more favorable living conditions. This is how the golden jackal, which previously lived in the Middle East and the Balkans, came to our country, which means we have found a new predator.


The golden jackal is a species of predator belonging to the genus of wolves, the largest representative of jackals and the only one found outside of Africa.

It is a native species from the Balkans to Indochina, including the Middle East. The largest population of these predators can be found in southern Asia, as well as in the southern and eastern parts of Europe. In Poland, single individuals were spotted and photographed in the spring of 2015 in the Biebrza Valley and near Biała Podlaski.

The golden jackal has coarse, golden-colored fur.

The fur is relatively short, much shorter than that of wolves. The color of the coat changes shade as it goes down, and on the paws it usually turns into darker shades of brown. The head is gray with a golden coating.

The average body length of the golden jackal is 70-105 cm, tail length is about 25 cm.

The body height at the withers is 38-50 cm, and the body weight of males ranges from 7-15 kg and is on average 15% higher than the weight of females. The golden jackal resembles a wolf in appearance, mainly due to the shape of its skull, which is more similar to the gray wolf or coyote than to other jackals.

In the wild, golden jackals live 7-9 years.

In captivity they live longer, up to 16 years.

Golden jackals are monogamous animals.

They mate once, for life.

They live in family groups.

In addition to the pair of parents and their offspring, there are several other adults, eldest sons, daughters or adopted individuals, the so-called helpers.

A characteristic feature of these animals is territorialism and attachment to a specific territory.

Golden jackals mark their territory with secretions from the perianal glands. Both men and women do this. If necessary, both sexes defend the boundaries of their own territory.

Pregnancy in golden jackals, like in dogs, lasts 63 days.

Birth occurs in an excavated hole, under potholes or in some caves. 2-4 puppies are born weighing 200-400 grams. Juveniles are blind at birth and their eyes open only after 10-14 days. Their mother feeds them for three months, and then they move on to solid food.

The golden jackal is omnivorous.

It feeds on small mammals, birds, fish, eggs, as well as fruits, berries and herbs. The majority of their diet consists of carrion.

Golden jackals can be found in landfills, where they look for food.

They are increasingly approaching human habitations, firstly, to get into garbage cans, and secondly, to feed on small livestock. Golden jackals were recently seen in Bielany and Wawer in Warsaw.

The population of golden jackals in Poland is systematically growing.

Their expansion to the north was largely influenced by the extermination in the XNUMXth century of the population of wolves, which are the natural enemy of the jackal. as well as significant forest thinning and the need to find new hunting grounds.

As the population of golden jackals in Poland grew, our farmers began to record numerous attacks on farm animals.

Farmers estimate that jackals can currently cause more damage than attacks by wolf packs.

In Poland, from August 1, 2019, you can hunt the golden jackal.

During the season, hunters will be able to catch 1270 pieces of this game.

Golden jackals avoid people, but when cornered or hunted in packs, they can be aggressive.

In Gryfino, a jackal entered the school building through an open door. The cleaning lady, who noticed the animal, locked it in the room and called the hunter who caught the jackal. According to the cleaning lady, the jackal behaved aggressively.
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