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Interesting facts about giraffes

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We found 26 interesting facts about giraffes

Land mammal with the longest neck

Giraffes live only on the African continent.

Their structure makes it impossible to confuse them with any other animal. They are very tall, even a newborn giraffe is taller than many people. Due to their structure, adults have virtually no fear of attack from predators.

They have aroused the admiration and imagination of African natives for thousands of years. Back in the Middle Ages, virtually no one living outside Africa knew about giraffes.

1

There are 9 subspecies of giraffes.

They differ in color pattern. Thanks to genetics, these animals can be divided into 4 separate species.
2

Giraffes primarily live in savannas and open grasslands.

Their distribution range extends from Chad in the north to South Africa in the south and from Niger in the west to Somalia in the east.
3

Giraffes reach a height of 4,3 – 5,7 meters, males are taller and heavier than females.

The record holder among men had a height of 588 cm, and the record holder among women was 517 cm. The neck of giraffes can reach a length of 2 meters, and the height at the withers of these animals can exceed 3 meters.
4

Giraffes, like okapi, have a very long tongue.

It can grow up to 45cm in length and is ideal for removing leaves from tree branches. Giraffes wrap it around a twig and remove all the leaves from it in one motion.
5

Giraffes have very long legs.

Adults' knees are 1 meter high.
6

The body weight of giraffes can reach up to 1200 kg for males and 830 kg for females.

7

In the wild, giraffes can live up to 25 years.

In captivity, their maximum lifespan is slightly longer and can approach 30 years. The longest living giraffe known to us was Mutangi, who died at the age of 31.

The giraffe was in the care of Australia's Taronga Western Plains Zoo and passed away in 2021, shortly after his birthday.

8

The giraffe's body is covered with fur, and its long limbs and neck are responsible for thermoregulation mechanisms. Male giraffes darken as they age.

9

Each person has a unique color pattern.

There are no two identical giraffes in the world, just as no two people have the same fingerprints.
10

They eat about 34 kilograms of leaves per day.

They are herbivores, feeding mainly on acacia leaves, which are a good source of calcium and proteins necessary for proper development.
11

Stressed giraffes chew the bark of branches.

12

The natural enemies of giraffes are lions.

Juveniles may also fall prey to leopards, spotted hyenas and deer.
13

Giraffes do not form strong social bonds.

14

The struggle for a place in the hierarchy among males involves fighting by hitting each other on the necks, i.e., the so-called neck.

Males that are successful in confrontations with their opponents experience greater reproductive success.

15

Giraffes are polygamous: a group of males mate with fertile females.

16

Giraffes give birth to their babies while standing.

A newborn giraffe is approximately 1,8 m tall and weighs between 50 and 70 kg.
17

Although they can run within 10 hours of birth, the young calf does not stray far from its mother for the first three weeks.

18

Giraffe gestation lasts 460 days, but sometimes giraffes are born a little earlier. Childbirth was registered after 420 days of pregnancy.

19

Male giraffes do not participate in raising their offspring.

20

Due to their size and ability to kick vigorously, adults are usually not targeted by predators.

21

Giraffes appeared in ancient art from cultures such as Ancient Egypt, Meroe and Kiffian.

22

Giraffes were bred in Europe during the Roman Empire.

Giraffes first appeared in Rome in 46 BC thanks to Julius Caesar.

After his triumphant return to Rome, Julius Caesar organized huge games with the participation of wild animals and people.

23

In 1414, the giraffe was transported to Bengal, and from there it came to China thanks to Admiral Zheng He. She was placed in a Ming Dynasty zoo.

24

The bushmen of southern Africa perform the so-called giraffe dance, which is supposed to help cure head diseases.

25

A giraffe appeared in a painting by Salvador Dali.

26

The giraffe appeared on a postage stamp issued by Poczta Polska on August 21, 1972.

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