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Interesting facts about wolves

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We found 24 interesting facts about wolves

Canis lupus

Wolves have always been present in human culture, most often in a negative context, and at the same time admired for their independence, strength and tenacity. They used to be widespread, but human expansion has reduced their population significantly. Recently, there has been an increase in environmental consciousness and a change in the perception of wolves no longer as ruthless killers, but as individuals playing a decisive role in the ecosystem.

The natural range of wolves is very extensive. However, it is strictly divided between individual subspecies, of which there are as many as 38.

Wolves live in central and eastern Europe, northern and central Asia, and much of North America.

The most common is the Eurasian wolf. Vulcan Vulcan, which is also found in Poland. It also lives in Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China up to the coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan.


The body length of a wolf ranges from 105 to even 160 centimeters.

Height at withers from 80 to 85 centimeters, weight from 40 to almost 80 kilograms, with the smallest adult weighing only 16 kilograms.


Wolves have reddish-brown fur, ranging from gray, reddish to brown, and in exceptional cases, black or white.

Their winter fur is very thick, which allows wolves to withstand extreme weather conditions.


The figure of the wolf is slender and sinewy.

The peculiarity of the wolf is long and persistent runs.

Over short distances, wolves can run at speeds of up to 60 km/h.

Basically they move at speed From 8 to 10 kilometers per hour, which allows them to cover long distances without much effort.

In special situations they can run 40 kilometers per hour at a distance of about 3 kilometers.


Professor David Mech of the University of Minnesota in the US, probably the world's most famous wolf researcher, states that "wolves feed on their feet."

Wolves are predators that hunt large herbivores. They persistently run after prey; the record holder pursued prey for 21 km. Most often they give up after a few kilometers, but the victim should not feel safe, since the wolf may return.

Wolves can cover a distance of more than 60 km in a day.


Wolves can smell prey at a distance of several kilometers.

They will find out what kind of animal it is and what condition it is in.

Wolves are very smart.

They know that ungulates surpass them in running speed, especially uphill. So they try to make them run down. They set up ambushes.

The most important weapon of wolves are their teeth, firmly fixed in their jaws.

The elongated shape of the skull and very mobile joints allow the mouth to open wide. The jaws are equipped with very strong muscles that allow them to be squeezed with great force.

Wolves eat all prey except the contents of the stomach.


A wolf eats about 10 kg of meat.

After a large meal, the stomach contents can account for 25% of body weight.

If the prey taken is too large, wolves bury some of the food under bedding or snow “for later.”

If the wolves fail to catch anything, they may starve for many days.

Wolves spend most of their lives in a family group called a pack.

It has two leaders: the fertile female sandpiper and the male, her bassi partner. The rest of the pack are their children: this year and older.

Vadera usually gives birth to 3 to 8 cubs in early May.


Under natural conditions, wolves live from 12 to 16 years.

In captivity they can live up to 20 years.

Wolves are a territorial species.

They mark a territory into which individuals from another flock are not allowed.

Wolves, like dogs, mark their territory.

Most often through urine and feces.

Glands that secrete specific pheromones produce the characteristic odor of the herd.


Wolves communicate with each other using sound signals.

He howls, barks, growls, whines and squeaks.

They also use body language based on various signs and signals to communicate.


Wolves gave the genetic origin to all dogs.

Domestication occurred between the 13th and 15th centuries BC.

Wolves are a protected species.

However, culling of dangerous individuals or those attacking herds is allowed.

In many countries, wolf reintroduction is being carried out, which involves returning the wolf to the territory where it was exterminated.

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