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Interesting facts about tigers

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We found 33 interesting facts about tigers

The tiger is the largest living species of wild cat in the genus Panthera.

This one of the largest land predators is an agile, good jumping and excellent swimmer that hunts alone. He was always terrifying and fascinating at the same time. It has become a common symbol in the culture and mythology of the Far East. This usually means warlikeness and bravery, beauty and immortality, but also bloodthirstiness, greed and anger. We invite you to read interesting information about this intriguing cat.

Tigers are most often divided into six subspecies, although some researchers suggest that there are only two (island and continental).

The general division identifies subspecies:

  • Bengal tiger
  • Siberian tiger
  • indochinese tiger
  • Sumatran tiger
  • Chinese tiger
  • Malay tiger

A 2018 study found that the last common ancestor of all tigers lived nearby. 110 thousand years back.


Tigers live in southern and eastern Asia and Sumatra.

Small populations of these cats are found in China, eastern Russia and the area between India and Vietnam. Currently in the world There are from 4,7 to 5,1 thousand.most of them (about 3000) are in India, Russia (more than 400), Indonesia (about 370) and Bangladesh (from 300 to 500)

Historically their range was much wider, but over the last hundred years their original numbers have declined to 6%.

Back in the 16th century, tigers lived from eastern Turkey through the South Caucasus to the coast of the Sea of ​​Japan. Of the island populations outside of Sumatra, tigers were also distributed in Java and Bali.

The sense of smell is not very developed. It is weaker than that of dogs.

They use Jacobson's organ to detect odors.

The most developed sense in tigers is hearing.

They pick up sounds with frequencies from 200 Hz to 100 kHz (five times higher than those heard by humans).

The tiger's roar is so loud that it can be heard over 3 km away.

In reality, the range of the roar is much greater, since tigers can produce sounds (infrasound) of even lower frequencies than those heard by humans.

He is the second record holder in the high jump after the puma and the second record holder in the long jump after the lion.

He can jump to a height of 5 meters and cover a distance of 8-9 meters in one jump.

With one blow of his paw he can kill an animal the size of a large dog or even a human.

Tigers can attack people. However, these attacks are not deliberate. A tiger attacks when a person enters its territory or when the animal is weakened or injured.

Since he cannot count on the help of the herd, he looks for easy prey. However, there are times when a person becomes a “delicacy” for a tiger. The well-known example of the Tigress Champawat, who killed more than 400 people.


Tigers have small round pupils and yellow irises.

The retina of a tiger's eye has six times more points (called rods) responsible for night vision (scotopic) than in humans. Rods receive information about the brightness of an object, not its color. The increased number of rods allows them to see the movements of objects and animals in almost complete darkness. This gives them a huge advantage in the dark, which is why they hunt at night.

The color of tigers depends on the season and subspecies.

Tigers range in color from yellow to red-orange with distinct black stripes. The belly and sides of the head of tigers are white.

Tigers' hair also serves as a sense of touch.

Sensory hairs are distributed throughout the skin, and whiskers appear on the eyebrows, cheeks, upper lip and on both sides of the muzzle.

A tiger's stripes are like fingerprints.

No two individuals are the same color. Siberian tigers have the lightest stripes - brown. Scars are also found on the skin.

Tigers come in many color varieties.

White, black and blue tigers are known. The blue tiger is called the Maltese tiger and is probably a species of the Bengal tiger. All white tigers in zoos are descended from one father named Mohman. These tigers have more health problems such as cleft lip and palate, scoliosis and strabismus. This is the result of inbreeding, which provides zoos with white cats.

In nature, the white fur gene occurs in one person in ten thousand.


Most tigers live in tropical forests, in areas covered with grass, reeds and bamboo.


They rarely climb trees.

They rest in the shade under trees and in the Siberian steppes, in rock crevices.

Tigers hunt all animals, regardless of their size.

Only adult, healthy rhinoceroses and elephants can resist their gluttony. In a confrontation with a brown bear, the bear is often defeated.

At one time, a tiger eats 20-35 kg of meat.

A hungry person can eat up to 50 kg. They may hide some of the uneaten meat for their next meal.

Tigers can run at a speed of 60 km/h.


Males occupy an area of ​​60-100 km2, females - up to 20 km2.

The territories are marked by the smells of urine, feces and glands.

The main family unit is a female with cubs.

Males only sometimes stay with them.

Tigers only roam in groups connected to each other.

For women it is mother and daughter.

Females reach sexual maturity at 3-4 years, males a year later.

Pregnancy lasts on average 104-106 days, 3-4 cubs are born.

Tigers live 10-15 years.


Tigers live in the wild only in Asia.

A hundred years ago there were more than 100, now there are about 4-4000.

Tigers can mix with other cats.

The offspring of a lion and a tigress is a liger, and the offspring of a tiger and a lioness is a crucible.

The tiger's biggest enemy is man and Asian traditional medicine.

Tiger body parts are used in folk medicine as aphrodisiacs.

Tigers are a symbol of Far Eastern culture.

White tigers are especially revered; in China they are the kings of animals, in Buddhism they are a symbol of hospitality and piety, and in Japan they are one of the four good spirits.

The tiger is one of the most popular mascots for sports teams.


International Tiger Day falls on July 29th.


Tigers, like all cats, have a shutter opening called the third eyelid.


They are excellent swimmers and can kill their prey while swimming.

They can cross a river 6-8 km wide and with a current of up to 30 km.

Tigers, like lions, open their mouths and stick out their tongues to facilitate air access to their olfactory receptors.

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