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Interesting Elephant Facts

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We found 26 interesting facts about elephants

Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth

The oldest representative of proboscis lived about 60 million years ago.

Today there are three species of elephants. Two that live in the African savanna, forests and steppes are the African elephant and the forest elephant and one that lives in the forests and thickets of South and Southeast Asia is the Indian elephant.

1

In ancient times, elephants were used as fighting animals.

The purpose of war elephants was to attack in order to create panic in the enemy's ranks or to break through their ranks. They were also used to protect their own troops from enemy cavalry attacks.

2

Elephants are herd animals and live in family groups.

The female is at the head of the herd.

3

These are herbivores.

They eat various types of grass, leaves, twigs, twigs and fruits. They eat about 200 kg of food and drink about 200 liters of water per day. An elephant excretes about 80-90 kg of feces.

4

Elephants grow new teeth six times throughout their lives, sometimes they have two “suits.”

During periods when elephants have twice as many teeth, they eat more or chew their food better.

5

The tusks are elongated incisor teeth and continue to grow throughout the elephant's life. The largest elephant tusk was about 3 m long and weighed almost 105 kg.

An old elephant can be recognized by its huge tusks. African elephants have tusks on both males and females. In Asian elephants, relatively small tusks are found on most males, but rarely on females. African forest elephants have even smaller tusks than the Indian elephant.

6

African elephants are larger than Asian elephants.

The body length of the African elephant can reach 7,5 m and weigh 5-7,5 tons. Asian elephants have a length of no more than 6,5 m and a weight of up to 5 tons. The Indian elephant has much smaller ears than the African elephant.

7

The size of the ears of an African elephant is 1,5 m.

The African elephant's ears are used for thermoregulation. An Asian elephant takes refuge from the sun in shady forests.

8

An elephant runs faster than a man.

His walking speed is 8-9 km/h, and he can maintain this pace without rest for many hours. A nomadic herd can cover a distance of up to 80 km per day.

9

The elephant's trunk is very tenacious and strong.

It is used for breathing, smelling, collecting food, drinking, breaking branches from high parts of trees, and also for bathing. Using their sense of smell, elephants can locate up to 30 missing members of the herd.

10

Elephants can hear at a distance of up to 20 km.

11

African elephants have the best sense of smell in the animal kingdom.

12

They are considered very smart animals.

An elephant's brain weighs four times more than a human brain.

13

Elephants live on average about 65-70 years.

Most often they die of starvation due to the loss of all their teeth.

14

The biggest threat to elephants is people.

They are endangered due to environmental destruction and poaching. The current population of elephants ranges from 200 to 400 individuals. In less than a century, elephants have lost about 90% of their range.

15

About 30 elephants are killed by poachers every year.

The African elephant is protected under the Washington Convention CITES. A ban on all ivory trade was introduced in October 1989, which was relaxed in 1997.

16

Elephants are compassionate.

They are an extremely intelligent species with some self-awareness. Elephants work well together and are caring and affectionate. They experience grief after losing a member of the herd, they experience mourning. They can also recognize themselves in the mirror.

17

Elephants are afraid of bees.

They warn each other about them with a characteristic signal or a strong kick on the ground. Aggressive African bees cannot penetrate an elephant's tough skin, but can seriously sting it on its delicate trunk. Organizations that protect elephants from poachers take advantage of this fear. Bee hives are hung on the border of the property, where elephants should not enter. Local farmers do the same to protect their crops from elephants.

18

Elephants reach sexual maturity at the age of 14-15 years.

Pregnancy usually lasts 22 months, but can last up to a maximum of 25 months. A female elephant gives birth to a single baby elephant whose brain is approximately the size of a human brain.

19

The underside of an elephant's legs is soft and tender.

Thanks to this, these giants can move silently.

20

The African elephant has four toes on its front feet and three on its hind feet.

However, the Indian elephant and the African forest elephant have 5 front and 4 back toes respectively.

21

An elephant's trunk can lift up to 300 kg of weight.

He can also pick up one coin.

22

Elephants once lived in Poland.

In Warsaw, during construction work in 1962, the remains of a prehistoric forest elephant were found.

23

Elephants sleep standing up.

24

One of the elephant's strokes is dominant, just like the human's hand.

25

Elephants are used for polo.

Elephant polo is most popular in Nepal, where it is part of the national tradition. In African countries, such competitions are organized mainly for the entertainment of tourists.

26

The closest genetic relative of the elephant is the hyrax.

This is a small furry animal that lives in the rocky regions of the Sahara and the Arabian Peninsula. Elephants and hyraxes come from the same family of mouse-like animals that lived several million years ago. Both species have good hearing, excellent memory and the same paw shape.

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