Interesting facts about Scorpios

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We found 21 interesting facts about scorpios

Predatory arachnids with a characteristic structure

They appeared in the world before dinosaurs. They are believed to have been the first arthropods to colonize land. There is still debate about whether they were sea or land creatures in prehistoric times. They can be dangerous, although not all scorpion species are highly venomous. They prey on other insects and small mammals. They can be found in a variety of places, both very dry, such as deserts, and wetter ones, such as deep caves or forests. Due to their unique appearance, they are readily bred in terrariums.


Scorpions are arachnids.


More than 2000 species of scorpions have been discovered so far.


Scorpions are found on every continent except Antarctica.


They inhabit many habitats.

They can be found in deserts, among rocks, under the bark of trees, in fallen leaves, in mountains and caves.

Scorpions can be found at an altitude of 5500 m above sea level.


Scorpions are found in tropical and subtropical zones, as well as warmer parts of the temperate zone.


Female scorpions are viviparous and care for their offspring.

Some scorpions can also reproduce by parthenogenesis.

The first scorpions appeared on Earth somewhere between 440 and 420 million years ago, during the Silurian period.


At the moment, we have discovered more than 100 prehistoric, extinct species of these animals.


Scorpions are considered the first arachnids to colonize land.


The largest scorpion on Earth is the imperial scorpion.

The body length of individuals of this species can reach 23 cm. These scorpions usually use claws for hunting, rather than poisonous spines, because their venom is not strong. They live for about 8-10 years, but there are individuals that live up to 13 years. Scorpions of this species are recommended for beginning breeders due to their high visual value and relatively low toxicity.

The largest scorpion in history was Brontoscorpio anglicus, which lived in the Silurian period at the bottom of the sea and on the coast. The body length of this scorpion reached 1 meter.


The most poisonous scorpion on Earth is Androctonus crassicauda.

This scorpion lives in Southwest Asia. The lethal dose of its venom ranges from 0,08 to 0,5 mg/kg body weight. Scorpions of the Androctonus crassicauda species can grow up to 10 cm in length.

The first described species of scorpion in the world is the Scorpio Moor.

This is a species native to North Africa and the Middle East. It was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Scorpio is quite popular among breeders and can be aggressive towards humans and members of its own species. Until now, it has not been possible to breed this individual in captivity in Poland.

Scorpion shells fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light.


The body of scorpions is covered with a multi-layered cuticle.


The body of scorpions is divided into two tagmas, i.e. distinguishable body parts of arthropods.

In scorpions these are the prosoma, or cephalothorax, and the uroctosoma, or abdomen.

Scorpios have a pair of central and lateral eyes. The central eyes of scorpions contain vitreous humor.


All lateral eyes of scorpions are single. Compound eyes have been discovered in some extinct species.


The last part of the abdomen of scorpions is called the telson. Inside it there are poisonous glands connected to the spine crowning the telson.


In North Africa, where scorpions are quite common, residents protect their homes from them by laying a circle of smooth tiles around them, since these arthropods are unable to cross smooth surfaces.

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