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Interesting facts about hornets

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We found 17 interesting facts about hornets

Larger relatives of wasps

Hornets are much more feared than their smaller cousins ​​- wasps. The sting of a European hornet is no more dangerous than a wasp sting, but their Asian relatives are much more dangerous. We definitely need to be wary of Asian hornets, and although we don't see them in Poland, they are responsible for fatal stings on people in Russia and Japan.

1

Hornets belong to the family of wasps, and the largest of them, found in Central Europe, is the European hornet

2

The typical habitat of European hornets is deciduous forests; they usually build nests in tree hollows, and their favorite species are oak trees.

3

Males of European hornets reach up to 35 mm in length, females are smaller (23 mm).

4

The size of wasp nests sometimes reaches 50 cm in length and height.

5

European hornets feed on insects, fruits and the sap of some trees.

6

A hornet sting can cause anaphylactic shock if the victim is allergic to hymenoptera venom.

The increased pain caused by a hornet sting is caused by a larger, more deeply penetrating sting.
7

The toxicity of European hornets is comparable to that of bees and wasps.

However, hornet venom contains a slightly higher dose of toxins than the venom of wasps or bees.
8

The Asian hornet is definitely more aggressive than other wasps.

9

Every year in Japan, about 40 people die from Asian hornet stings.

Even a person who is not allergic to hymenoptera venom can die from an Asian hornet sting.
10

Unlike European hornets, Asian hornets build their nests underground.

11

European hornets can take up residence in bird nests, where they can coexist peacefully with the resident bird.

12

Hornets can cause damage to agriculture when they chew on ripening fruit or damage young tree seedlings. They also play a beneficial role when they feed on insects, which are considered pests.

13

Hornets use their venom to hunt insects.

14

With each sting, one hornet can inject approximately 0,2 mg of venom.

15

European hornets are less aggressive than wasps and are much more difficult to provoke into attacking.

16

Asian hornets form flocks, the number of which can reach several hundred individuals. They live in nests whose diameter can reach 1 meter.

17

During an attack, several dozen Asian hornets can kill tens of thousands of bees in a few hours. Hornets attack bee nests to get honey or bee larvae.

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