Interesting facts about moles

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We found 20 interesting facts about moles

Underground engineers

These practically blind animals are the nightmare of all owners of beautiful gardens, lawns and crops. Moles can turn the most beautiful garden into a battlefield in a few days. These are very active animals that dig large burrows, so they have to put the soil from their tunnels somewhere. As a result, mounds are formed, the height of which in swampy areas can reach 90 centimeters. Moles can build amazing tunnels that contain a nest lined with moss, a special “pantry” where they store food for the winter, and even a small well has been dug to supply these small mammals with water. To hunt their victims, they use hearing and environmental vibrations, so the most effective form of repelling moles is the use of acoustic-vibration repellers.


There are 9 species of moles, i.e. animals from the mole family.


The word "mole" usually refers to the species of European mole, which can be found from France, Central and Eastern Europe to Siberia.

The European mole is divided into three subspecies.

Moles weigh about 120 grams and have a body length of about 17-20 centimeters.


Moles are covered with very thick hair. They have about 200 hairs per 1 mm².


Moles' eyes are very small, about 1 millimeter in diameter, and are insensitive or slightly sensitive to light.


These animals live from 3 to 5 years.


They have an elongated snout-shaped snout with 44 teeth inside: 3 incisors, 1 canine, 4 premolars and 3 molars.

The arrangement of teeth on the upper and lower jaws is exactly the same.

The menu of moles includes small vertebrates, insect larvae and earthworms.

They detect their prey using well-developed hearing and sensory hairs located on the face and tail.

Moles dig their holes at a depth of 20 to 50 centimeters from the surface of the earth.


The length of mole holes can reach 1 kilometer.


During work, a mole can dig about 15 meters of tunnel per day. When digging, moles scrape the collected soil to the surface, forming mounds.


They are solitary and only mate during estrus.


Moles are most active in the morning when they drill the most tunnels.


When hunting for earthworms, moles know how to accurately bite through their nerve ganglia in order to store live animals in their “storerooms” without worrying about the earthworms escaping.

Earthworms disfigured in this way lose the ability to move.

During the day, the mole eats half its weight in food.


Pregnancy in moles lasts about 28 days, and birth occurs in late spring. There can be from 2 to 7 young hairless moles in a litter.


Young moles are fed their mother's milk for about four to five weeks, after which they must leave their nest.


Ossification of the forelimbs of young moles begins with the elements that these animals use when digging.


Moles do not spend their entire lives underground.

In late spring and early summer, when they are forced to leave their mother's burrow, they wander the surface in search of a new place for their own tunnel or find an abandoned one. They can also sometimes be found near the banks of rivers and streams.

Moles are a partially protected species in Poland, with the exception of gardens, arable fields, airport nurseries, hydraulic structures and sports facilities.

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