Interesting Facts About Honey Bees

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We found 25 interesting facts about honey bees

“When bees disappear from the face of the earth, people will only have a maximum of four years to live.”

Bees have always attracted people due to the benefits of their activities and unusual social organization. The hive community is perfectly organized. Everyone knows their place, everyone knows what to do. Bees are the only insects whose food, obtained for themselves, is also eaten by humans. Bee products are not only food for humans, but also medicine. In fact, given all the benefits of bees, it is safe to say that without them there is no life. It is worth getting to know these little hardworking creatures, because their lives are very interesting.

1

There are about 20 of them in the world. types of bees.

Bees are a species of Hymenoptera from the bee family.

2

The oldest bee preserved in amber is a worker bee found in New Jersey, estimated to be about 80 million years old. years.

3

According to Egyptian mythology, bees are the tears of the god Ra.

The Koran also calls bees sacred insects. For medieval Christians, the sting symbolized fair punishment.
4

Bees have two pairs of wings made of a transparent membrane.

Thanks to the movement of their wings, bees soar in the air. During flight, a bee makes 350-435 wing beats per second. The average flight range is 3 km, the maximum can be 10 km or more. A bee moves at an average speed of 24 km/h.
5

They have three pairs of legs.

The third pair of legs has special baskets in which bees carry pollen.
6

Bees have a protective organ - a sting.

The sting is created by modification of the female reproductive organ and is placed at the end of the abdomen. Drones don't have stingers. The sting ends in the death of the bee. Honey bees never attack people without reason. A human sting causes a small swelling that disappears after a few days, but if the stung person is allergic to bee venom, it can even lead to death.
7

There is a species of honey bee called the African honey bee.

Characterized by significant aggressiveness and great adaptability. Approaching the nests of killer bees can provoke their attack with very dangerous consequences.
8

A bee swarm consists of a queen, workers and drones.

Such a bee colony can number up to 50 individuals. Within it there is a division of responsibilities and therefore the appearance and body size of individual individuals depend on the function they perform. This is the phenomenon of polymorphism.
9

The queen's job is to lay eggs. They serve about 3 thousand of them per day.

The Queen Mother copulates only once in her life and this happens during the mating flight. She copulates in the air with 10-30 drones, which are attracted by a special smell, felt by drones at a distance of about 100 m. During this act, the entire reservoir of the queen's sperm is filled. After the act, the drones die due to the removal of the copulatory apparatus.
10

The mother and workers are diploid, the drones are haploid.

A diploid organism contains double the number of homologous chromosomes, while a haploid organism contains one.
11

The bees undergo a complete transformation.

The eggs hatch into larvae (worms), which develop into a pupa, from which the adult form of the insect, the adult, hatches.
12

Females hatch from diploid eggs.

Depending on the type of feeding, the larvae become either workers or queens. The mother may also lay unfertilized eggs, which hatch into males - this is the phenomenon of virginity.
13

Drones appear in the hive only in the spring.

There are about 2,5 thousand of them in the hive. Since their only function is to fertilize the queen, they remain completely inactive until the nuptial flight. The drones that fertilize the queen die, and the remaining ones leave the hive in the fall and die from hunger and cold.
14

Both the workers and the queen are permanent residents of the hive.

They live about 38 days in summer and six months in winter. The worker's body length is 13-15 mm. Their job is mainly to collect pollen and flower nectar, and to care for the offspring produced by the queen. A flying bee flies out of the hive 7-15 times a day.
15

Bees communicate by dancing and making sounds.

By dancing, the bee signals that it has found a new source of shelter, and determines the distance to it with the appropriate movement. When it forms a circle, the fruit is close, a crescent - the fruit is at a distance of 10-40 m, and an eight - an even greater distance from the food source. The type of these dance figures also tells other bees about the location of the hive in relation to the sun and the scale of the complexity of the undertaking.
16

Each bee colony has a certain characteristic smell.

This scent is a pheromone produced by the queen mother. It is intended to encourage workers to care for their mother and is also the chemical identification of the swarm. Thanks to this, workers recognize members of their own community, and the transmission of pheromone signals between them helps in organizing work.
17

A queen mother and workers can overwinter in the hive, so a swarm can exist for many years.

The activity of bees during this period is significantly limited. The bees use the reserves accumulated before winter, do not leave the hive, and gather in a circle, warming each other. Even the excretion of feces is inhibited.
18

Bees do not recognize the color red.

19

The size of the swarm is measured in kilograms.

A strong swarm is 3 kg of bees, a medium swarm is about 2 kg, a weak one is about 1 kg. One kilogram of bees contains about 8500 honey-filled bees.
20

A worker bee can produce 1/12 teaspoon of honey in its lifetime.

To produce 1 kg of honey, a bee needs to collect about 3 kg of nectar.
21

Bees have been producing honey this way for 150 million years.

Honey consists of 80% natural sugars, 18% water and 2% minerals, vitamins, proteins and pollen.
22

In addition to producing honey, bees pollinate about 80% of plants.

By carrying pollen, they help preserve biodiversity and control soil erosion, improve human habitats and increase crop yields. Among all insects, bees are indispensable in the conservation of insect-pollinated plant species.
23

A new branch of natural medicine has been created - apitherapy.

It is based on various beekeeping products, such as honey, propolis, that is, bee glue, pollen and royal jelly.
24

May 20 is World Bee Day, established by the UN.

In Poland, August 8 is celebrated as Great Bee Day.
25

There is a monument to a bee in Kielce.

There is also a monument to a bee in Ufa.

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