Interesting facts about gray cranes

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We found 24 interesting facts about cranes

Beautiful birds with a characteristic cry

These large birds usually live in damp places where they find abundant food. They feed mainly on plants, sometimes causing harm to farmers (especially those growing corn). However, they do not pose a threat to the ecosystem and are not considered pests. Most of them migrate to warm countries before winter, but there are herds that winter here. In folk culture, cranes symbolize wisdom, loyalty, longevity and vigilance, although not all cultures present them in a positive light.

1

The term "crane" refers to the common crane, a species of bird in the crane family.

2

Cranes are found throughout Europe, Scandinavia, Northern Asia and even Eastern Siberia.

3

There are two subspecies of cranes.

4

These birds prefer to live near lakes, heaths and peat bogs.

5

The population of these birds in our country is about 20 pairs. Most often, cranes can be found in the north and west of Poland.

6

The global population of these birds is estimated at approximately 500 individuals and the number of birds is increasing every year.

7

The body length of cranes is approximately 95 to 125 centimeters, and the wingspan is from 180 to 200 centimeters.

8

Males are slightly larger and heavier than females. An adult male crane weighs from 5,1 to 6,1 kg, a female - from 4,5 to 5,9 kg.

9

These birds fly in flocks or in diagonal rows.

10

The sound made by cranes is called ringing.

This characteristic sound of cranes can be heard several kilometers away. It is emitted during mating, flight or swimming in water, and its release is due to the special loop-shaped structure of the cranes' trachea, which leads to an amplification of the sound.

In the Middle Ages, the ringing was identified with the cry of suffering souls, so the crane was a common element of the heraldry of that time.

11

Cranes winter most often in Spain and Portugal, but as the climate warms, they can increasingly be seen in northeastern France and Germany.

12

A small number of cranes also winter in Poland.

13

Cranes feed mainly on plants and their seeds, but they also enrich their diet with small rodents, mollusks and insects.

They feed in meadows and arable fields, and their feeding area can be very large (up to 120 hectares).
14

Their breeding season lasts from mid-April for two weeks.

They build rough nests from plants collected from the area. The diameter of the crane's nest is about 80 centimeters.
15

In a clutch, females lay about 2 eggs, which are then incubated by both parents for about 30 days.

16

After the young cranes hatch, their parents care for them for about 10 weeks.

Young cranes do not fly for the first month and leave the nest only after about 65 days.
17

Cranes reach full maturity only at the age of 5-6 years.

18

The lifespan of cranes is approximately 30 – 40 years.

19

Between August and November, cranes gather in huge flocks that can number up to 85 individuals.

20

The crane is included in the logo of the Polesie National Park.

21

In Christian culture, the crane personified the virtues of monastic life.

22

In Slavic mythology it was said that human souls traveling to a foreign country cling to the legs and feathers of cranes.

23

For the Indians, the crane was a symbol of betrayal.

24

Cranes are a strictly protected species in Poland.

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