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Interesting facts about cows

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We found 19 interesting facts about cows

We domesticated cattle 8000 years ago, and hundreds of breeds have been developed since then.

Previously, they were grazed in small herds in rural meadows; today they can most often be found on large farms oriented towards industrial production. Thanks to them, we have access to a wide range of food products: from dairy products to meat. While it seems like these animals couldn't be more exciting and full of surprises, nothing could be further from the truth. We invite you to read some interesting facts about cows.


There are about 1,5 billion head of cattle in the world.

Most of all, because as much as 500 million live in Asia, South America is in second place (350 million), and Africa is in third place (307 million). About 122 million head of cattle are raised in Europe.

In terms of countries, India leads the way with 305 million cows. India, China and Brazil Together they make up 65% of the world's cow population.


Cows are adult female livestock.

We call males bulls, oxen or stallions. Young animals, regardless of gender, are called calves.

Calves include not only young cattle, but also deer, bison, camels, giraffes and even whales.


There are more than a thousand breeds of cattle in the world.

Thanks to thousands of years of breeding of these animals, a huge number of breeds have been developed that are adapted to the conditions in which they live. Some of them are bred for milk, others for meat, and others for both. Then we are talking about combined cattle breeding.

In Poland approximately fifteen breeds of beef cattle and four breeds of dairy cattle.


The most popular image of a cow in Poland is the black and white breed.

This is a dairy breed brought to Poland in the Middle Ages from West Frisia (now the Netherlands). More than 90% of dairy cows bred in Poland are Polish black and white cows.


The largest and one of the oldest breeds of cattle is the Chianina.

This breed is native to Italy and has been bred there in Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio for 2200 years. It was originally bred as a draft animal, today mainly for meat.

These animals are characterized by fast growth and excellent meat quality.  Adri08 / CC BY-SA 3.0

Cows weigh on average 800–900 kg, bulls - up to 1600 kg. The record representative of this breed weighed 1740 kg.


The color red does not enrage bulls.

A matador could just as easily wave a pink or green cloth at an angry bull and not care.

Sam the movement of the sheet enrages the bull not her color. Matadors wear red clothing to hide the color of their blood.


Cows produce between 250 and 400 liters of methane per day.

Therefore, the impact of livestock farming on the greenhouse effect is not indifferent. It is estimated that all animals on Earth produce about 40% of methane.

To reduce the amount of methane produced, breeders try to provide animals with the highest quality feed. Scientists cThey are constantly working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cattle. Recently, New Zealanders developed a probiotic mixture called cowbucha that should reduce methane emissions from cow burps by as much as 20%.


The cow nose pattern is unique.

The structure of a cattle nose is equivalent to human fingerprints.


Cows spend 6 to 8 hours a day eating.

They are usually fed twice a day. 


Depending on the breed, they can weigh from 300 to even 1500 kilograms.

Donetto, a representative of Chianina's time, turned out to be a record-heavy man. This bull weighed a whopping 1740 kilograms and was officially weighed during an exhibition in Arezzo, Tuscany, in 1955.


In one milking, a cow can produce 4-5 liters of milk.

On average, a cow produces about 20 liters of milk, and at the peak of lactation she can produce 60 liters of milk.


Cows' hearing is very well developed.

Their hearing is better than that of horses, but it does not allow them to accurately determine the source of a sound. They compensate for this with a wide field of view.

Cows they use sound to communicate. They may use sounds to signal their age, gender, or hierarchy in the herd. Calves can recognize their mother by sounds.


Cows are very social animals

When they are isolated, even for a very short time, it causes them significant stress. Then they may make restless sounds, their heart begins to beat faster, and the concentration of cortisol, the stress hormone, increases in the plasma.

To reduce stress in isolated animals, breeders use shine.


The domestication of cattle began about 8000 years ago.

The first regions where cows were domesticated were Mesopotamia and India.


Cows live approximately 18–22 years.

The longest living cow was Big Bertha. She lived for almost 49 years and was born in 1945.


Cows are smart.

They are well oriented in space, have memory and remember their name.


Cows have a four-chamber stomach.

Like every ruminant, a cow needs a stomach to properly digest food. The stomach of a cow consists of the following elements: rumen, mesh, books, abomasum.


To produce a liter of milk, a cow needs to drink at least three liters of water.

This means that an adult productive cow may require approximately 150 liters of water per day. 


Cows have a very wide field of vision.

They see a field of view of 330°, i.e. almost everything around them (except for what is behind them); for comparison, a person's field of vision is 140°. 

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