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Interesting facts about the viper

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We found 14 interesting facts about the viper

Viper Convent

The snake viper is the only poisonous snake in Poland. Although it does not attack people, it sometimes bites in self-defense. It lives in wetlands and forests, but is also found in the mountains. On sunny days you can see the viper basking in the sun.

1

This species is found from northwestern France to the eastern borders of Siberia. In the mountains it can be found at an altitude of up to 2000 m above sea level.

2

Most often it lives in colder places, for example, in forest clearings, wet meadows or forest edges.

3

It comes in many color options. The pit viper can be dark brown, olive green, black or gray.

4

It has a characteristic zigzag pattern on its back, and the arrangement of scales on its head creates a pattern resembling the letter X, Y or V.

5

Adults feed on insects, frogs, lizards, small mammals and bird chicks. Young vipers most often eat insects, snails, earthworms, as well as young amphibians and reptiles. The snake attacks its prey, injecting it with venom, and then eats the dead one.

6

Snakes stick out their tongues to navigate their surroundings. In this way, they collect the surrounding odor and then transmit it into the oral cavity into the so-called Jacobson's Organ, which analyzes olfactory signals.

7

The zigzag viper usually grows up to 90 centimeters in length, but individuals larger than 110 centimeters are found.

8

These are ovoviviparous animals. This means that the young remain in egg shells inside the mother's body and hatch just before, during, or just after the eggs are laid.

9

A litter can contain from 5 to 15 young vipers.

Mating usually begins at the turn of April and May, and birth occurs in August or September. Newly hatched reptiles are completely independent from the very first moments.
10

The European viper is a partially protected species in Poland.

11

Not every snake bite results in an injection of venom.

Venom is injected in approximately 50% of bites.
12

Viper venom can cause changes in heart rate, reduce blood clotting, damage the nervous system and cause tissue necrosis.

13

The viper's bite is not dangerous to a healthy adult, but can pose a threat to children and the elderly.

14

Vipers do not prey on people; bites most often occur as a result of the animal’s self-defense. An anxious animal most often hisses and looks for a way to escape, and in extreme cases bites.

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