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Interesting facts about the tree frog

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We found 16 interesting facts about the tree frog

Gila arborescens

These tailless amphibians, popular in Poland, are small frogs with very interesting properties. They are excellent climbers, often living in trees, but can also climb on flat surfaces. To hide from predators, they adjust their body coloration, like chameleons. However, when the disguise fails, the poison produced by the skin glands comes into play and can save the life of this small animal.

Due to their interesting coloration, tree frogs are readily bred in terrariums.

1

The tree frog is an amphibian belonging to the tree frog family.

The tree frog family includes about 800 species of animals, divided into 48 genera.
2

Found in Europe and Asia Minor.

Its range covers most of the Iberian Peninsula, Central Europe excluding Italy, Ukraine, the Balkans, Crete, northwestern Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. In Poland it is distributed throughout the country.
3

This is a lowland species, sometimes found at altitudes of up to 1500 m above sea level.

It lives in light deciduous forests, areas covered with shrubs, lush meadows and coastal thickets. Frogs avoid dark and heavily overgrown forests.
4

These are small amphibians, females are slightly larger than males.

Their bodies are slender and equipped with long legs, allowing them to make fast and long jumps. A typical male reaches a body length of 3,2 to 4,3 cm, and females from 4 to 5 cm. The weight of males is from 8 to 9 g, females from 11 to 15 g in extreme cases.
5

The skin of tree frogs is smooth on the back and porous on the abdominal part.

Their backs can be green, gray or light brown. Color may change depending on temperature, humidity or mood. The belly is whitish in color and is separated from the back color by a thin dark line running from the muzzle and eye to the pelvis. The throat is white in females and golden brown in males.
6

Males are equipped with a large sound sac of different colors.

It is used during the mating season to attract females. The more colorful it is, the better it reflects the condition of its owner.
7

They are carnivores. They mainly hunt arthropods.

Their victims most often are spiders, flies, beetles, butterflies and caterpillars. They catch most of their prey in flight, so the majority of their diet consists of flying insects. They hunt from cover, remaining motionless and waiting for an opportunity to quickly catch prey using their dexterous tongue.
8

The mating season begins in May or even at the end of April and lasts until the end of July.

Then the males gather at the edge of reservoirs or right on their surface and begin their chatter, which begins in the evening and continues until late at night. The habitat distance of one male tree frog is 3 meters. Amphibians try to stay inside and drive away intruders. Females choose a mate based on their voice, the color of the sound sac and the ribbon passing through the side of the body.
9

Females lay 800 to 1000 eggs in the water, grouped into walnut-sized balls.

The eggs have a diameter of 1,5 mm. After 10–14 days, tadpoles hatch from them. The earlier the eggs are laid, the larger and more beautiful the tadpoles will grow.
10

About three months after hatching, the tadpoles undergo metamorphosis.

This usually happens at the end of July - beginning of August.
11

The lifespan of a tree frog is about 15 years.

This is probably their maximum lifespan, in the wild they usually reach a maximum age of 6 years.
12

Although tree frogs can migrate, they often return to the pond where they previously lived.

They are also not ready to settle in a new body of water if it is located more than 750 meters from others and is not covered with bushes and tall greenery. They also prefer neutral or slightly alkaline water.
13

Frogs are excellent climbers.

They are able to climb even on vertical smooth surfaces; they are found even at a height of 10 m.
14

They can change the color of their skin and often do so to adapt to their environment.

It takes these amphibians about 20 minutes to change color from light green to almost dark.
15

Tree frogs chatter.

This distinguishes them from frogs, which croak or croak. The rattle has a different sound, it is similar to the sound of a rattle. You can listen to it on the Gosles website.
16

In Poland, the tree frog is a strictly protected species.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature has changed the threat level of this species several times in recent years. It was even considered Critically Endangered (NT) in 2004, but is now classified as Least Concern (LC).

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