Interesting facts about the brown bear

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We found 21 interesting facts about brown bear

Ursus Arktos

Brown bears used to be found throughout Poland, but as a result of human activity their population has declined sharply. Although the brown bear is not considered an endangered species worldwide, the species is strictly protected in Poland.


Brown bears live only in the northern hemisphere.

Their natural distribution area is North America, northern Europe and Asia.


They are descended from the bear species Ursus etruscus.

This species inhabited Europe, Asia and northern Africa from 5,3 million to 100 million years ago. many years ago.


Brown bears once lived throughout Europe, but were extirpated through hunting and loss of territory.


In Poland they can only be found in the mountains.

The range of the brown bear in our country is limited to the Tatras and Beskids.


In many places in Poland, brown bears could be found as early as the XNUMXth century.

The earliest bear populations were extirpated in central Poland at the end of the XNUMXth century.


Males are approximately 30% larger than females.

Males reach lengths from 160 to 280 cm, females from 150 to 210 cm. The weight of a male can reach up to 390 kg, while the average weight of a female is 207 kg.


Not all brown bears are completely brown.

They have long, dense fur with a moderately long mane on the back of the neck, which varies slightly depending on the type. In India, brown bears can be tawny with silver-tipped fur, while in China, brown bears are bi-colored, with a tan or whitish collar around the neck, chest, and shoulders.


In brown bears, the tail length can vary from 90 to 150 cm.


The brown bear eats the most varied food of all bear species.

The basis of their diet is fish (mainly salmon) and small mammals. However, they diversify their diet with bird eggs, snails, earthworms, insects, seeds and fungi.


Brown bears are active XNUMX hours a day.

Their activity depends on the distance from populated areas. Bears living far away are more likely to be active during the day, while bears living closer to people are more likely to use the night to search for food.


Grizzly bear is a subspecies of brown bear.

You can learn more about grizzly bears in this article.


There are several subspecies of brown bear.


Their reproductive period lasts from May to July.

The estrus period for a female bear can last from 10 to 30 days. During this time, the female copulates with many males.


Their pregnancy lasts 8 months.

Parturition, in which 2 to 3 cubs are born, occurs in winter.


Young bears become independent when they are 2 years old, although their mother can feed them milk for up to 30 months.

They reach sexual maturity in approximately 4–6 years.


During the period from summer to autumn, a brown bear can double its spring weight, gaining up to 180 kg of fat.

By storing such reserves, he will be able to survive the frosty winter.


In the wild they live between 30 and 40 years.

Brown bears kept in captivity can live up to 50 years.


Females remain fertile for a very long time.

It has been noted that in nature, females reproduce up to 28 years of age. This is the highest reproductive age of any bear species.


According to the latest research, there are 17 of these animals in Europe.

This rating does not include Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The largest population in Europe is found in Romania, with a size of approximately 8000 bears.


The global population of these animals is estimated at 200 individuals.

About 120 people live in the territory of the former USSR.


The brown bear is the national animal of Finland.

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