Interesting facts about the Turquoise beetle

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We found 13 interesting facts about the mosquito of Turkey

Grillotalpa Grillotalpa

They owe their name to the fact that they often damage crops and cause damage. At least, this used to be the case, since the population of these insects has decreased significantly in recent years and they do not pose a real threat. They are related to grasshoppers, locusts and crickets. They are nocturnal, thus avoiding the threat from birds, which, due to the large size of the turtle, see it without any problems.

1

Distributed in Europe, especially in Southern Europe. It also lives in North Africa and Western Asia.

In Poland it can be found in any region, from lowlands to mountains.

2

They prefer damp places where they burrow well into the ground.

They can be found in grasslands, farmland, wetlands and river valleys. They can also take up residence in greenhouses.

3

This is one of the largest insects in Poland. Females are larger than males.

The length of an adult female is about 70 mm, the male is about 50 mm.

4

Its body is dark brown with a yellowish underside.

Its body is covered with small, delicate, velvety hairs that give it an iridescent shine. It is transparent and covered with veins that form a reticulate pattern. Most of the time they are corrugated because the turtle rarely uses them and mostly stays underground.

5

This insect is an excellent digger, as evidenced by its powerful forelimbs.

These limbs resemble a combination of a shovel and a rake and make it much easier for insects to work underground. They spend most of their lives underground, boring through complex tunnel systems.

6

They are omnivores, their main food being plant roots.

However, they supplement it with meat foods such as snails, earthworms, grubs and wireworms.

7

Turkuts build a complex system of tunnels in which they live all year round.

Such a network can reach a depth of more than a meter below the surface of the earth and consists of intersecting tunnels, which, however, are too narrow for maneuver, so the insects move only forward and backward.

8

Males, especially on warm spring evenings, make characteristic “crunching” sounds.

This is to attract females, and to increase the volume of the sounds they make, they build a special resonating chamber underground.

9

During the breeding season, which takes place in late spring, the female lays from 100 to 350 eggs.

They are kept in a specially prepared underground chamber and guarded by a female. To increase the temperature in the nest, the female may nibble the roots of plants growing above it to dry them out and allow sunlight to reach the soil. The eggs hatch 10–20 days after they are laid.

10

The hatched larvae (nymphs) remain under the mother's care for about three weeks.

Before they reach adulthood, they go through six molts, a process that can last from one to even three years. These insects give birth to one generation per year.

11

The greatest threats to these insects are birds (rooks and starlings), moles, shrews, beetles and arachnids.

They were also once hunted to extinction by humans, but their populations have declined sharply and they no longer pose a serious threat to crops.

12

Their population is declining sharply due to agricultural activities.

Pesticides and wetland drainage are major factors affecting this species.

13

They can be found in trade. Some breed them in terrariums to study their life, others use these insects as bait for catfish or pike.

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