Flea and tick

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Do you feel like flea and tick season never ends? That's because in some ways it's not. Outbreaks, caused by factors such as temperature and humidity levels, affect much of the United States throughout the year. Here's a quick guide to get you ready.

Where and when do fleas and ticks roam?

When is flea and tick season? It really depends on the region. Fleas and ticks span the United States (every state reports activity for both pests), but some regions are much more populated than others. Both fleas and ticks become more common when humidity levels are between 50 and 90 percent.1 Fleas generally prefer temperatures of 70°F or higher, but ticks and fleas can still survive cold winter weather.

  • Fleas thrive in high temperatures and high humidity—ideal conditions for both their activity and reproduction. This is why fleas are present year-round in warm states like Florida. Drier or colder regions, such as the Southwest and Midwest, have lower (or even zero) activity during the winter months.
  • In areas with severe frosts, fleas may hibernate for the winter, but not if they have entered indoors. Some sources suggest that fleas may become more active in early fall; As the temperature drops, they are more determined to find the warmth of their owner.
  • Although ticks thrive in regions with warmer, wetter weather, they are found in forests, shrubs, shrubs and undergrowth in most areas of the country, regardless of climate. They can even be found in forested areas during the colder months. Although they are not typically active in temperatures below 45°F, many survive the winter by finding shelter or hosts.2

No matter where you live, take extra precautions if your pet likes to go hiking with you or likes to roam fields or farms, as the risk of ticks increases.

Stages of the flea life cycle

You may be wondering, “How do fleas survive the winter when they grow in temperatures around 70°F?” Whether outdoors under snow or inside unheated rooms, flea pupae (which are cocooned until they become adults) can remain dormant for many months. Adult fleas, larvae and eggs can withstand temperatures up to 30°F for long periods of time.3 When the temperature gets higher and vibrations stir their cocoons, adult fleas emerge.

How to Kill and Prevent Fleas and Ticks

As you can see, protecting yourself from fleas and ticks is important all year round, no matter how hot or cold it is outside. The first step is to protect your pet. Try Adams Plus Foaming Dog & Puppy Flea & Tick Shampoo & Detergent, which kills fleas, ticks and lice and prevents flea eggs from hatching for 28 days. They also produce a version for cats and kittens. Or consider Adams Plus Flea and Tick Treatment for Cats and Kittens or Adams Plus Flea and Tick Prevention for Dogs.

Protecting your pet is not enough. You also need to eliminate fleas from your home and yard. For your home, the Adams Plus Flea & Tick Indoor Fogger can prevent flea infestations for up to seven months. Or try Adams Plus Flea and Tick Carpet Spray. It also protects for up to seven months and covers up to 2,000 square feet.

Yard maintenance is vital. Adams Yard & Garden spray kills fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and ants. Protects against fleas for up to four weeks.

Things to Keep in Mind

  • Fleas and ticks affect most of the United States throughout the year.
  • They are most active in warm and humid climates.
  • Even adult fleas, larvae and eggs can survive cold weather - down to 30°F.

Fleas and ticks will become a real problem for your pets. Not only can they cause itching and pain, but they can also carry diseases. Ticks, for example, can transmit Lyme disease. That's why it's important to take steps to protect your pets both indoors and outdoors.

1. Geedt, Elizabeth J. “Flea Control.” OSU Extension, February 2017, https://extension.okstate.edu/fact-sheets/flea-control.html.

2. Forrester, Evan. “Ask Evan: Are ticks still active during the winter months?” Fox 43, December 3, 2019, https://www.fox43.com/article/life/ask-evan/ask-evan-are-ticks -still active in winter months/521-c334b393-006a-4f7c- bafa-2ca7d5923c62.

3. SBG-TV. “The colder months are not the time to skip flea and tick medications.” Fox 45 News, November 1, 2019, https://foxbaltimore.com/features/for-pets-sake/colder-months-are-not-the-time-to-skip-flea-and-tick-mediction.

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